Advertisement

Progress in Chlorophyll Fluorescence Research: Major Developments During the Past Years in Retrospect

  • Ulrich Schreiber
  • Wolfgang Bilger
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 54)

Abstract

During the past years chlorophyll fluorescence has developed as one of the most frequently used measuring tools in plant science. This somewhat unexpected and remarkable development was triggered by recent progress in instrumentation for measuring fluorescence yield under ambient light conditions and by the increased awareness among plant scientists, as in the general public, of aspects of environmental and stress physiology. Since the discovery of the “Kautsky effect” in 1931, fluorescence had always served as a pioneer tool. However, for more than 50 years it was mainly used by biophysically oriented scientists for basic photosynthesis research. The phenomenology of fluorescence changes in intact cells was considered far too complex to provide more than qualitative information. Because the fluorescence characteristics were known to be strongly affected by preillumination, it appeared necessary to thoroughly dark-adapt a sample before recording dark-light induction curves. Additionally, as the complexity of fluorescence changes increased with increasing illumination time, it was mostly the rapid initial induction kinetics which were analyzed to assess the functioning of the primary reactions. Within less than a decade, a completely different situation has evolved. Along with the availability of new instrumentation and analytical methods for fluorescence analysis under normal daylight conditions, the interest has shifted from the primary reactions to the level of overall electron transport efficiency and photosynthesis regulation, and from induction kinetics to investigations of steady-state reactions. Chlorophyll fluorescence, which used to be a tool preferentially applied in dark laboratories, has made the step into the full sunlight, where in situ photosynthesis takes place with all its intricate and still poorly understood regulatory mechanisms in response to environmental factors.

Keywords

Quantum Yield Chlorophyll Fluorescence Nonphotochemical Quenching Cyclic Flow Relative Electron Transport Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams WW, Demmig-Adams B, Winter K (1990a) Plant Physiol 92: 302–309.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams WW, Demmig-Adams B, Winter K, Schreiber U (1990b) Planta 180: 166–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Allen JF (1992) Biochim Biophys Acta 1098: 275–335.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Allen JF, Bennett J, Steinback KE, Amtzen CJ (1981) Nature 291: 25–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Asada K, Badger MR (1984) Plant Cell Physiol 25: 1169–1179.Google Scholar
  6. Asada K, Takahashi M (1987) In: Kyle DJ et al. (eds) Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 227–287.Google Scholar
  7. Asada K, Neubauer C, Heber U, Schreiber U (1990) Plant Cell Physiol 31: 557–564.Google Scholar
  8. Atal N, Saradhi PP, Mohanty P (1991) Plant Cell Physiol 32: 943–951.Google Scholar
  9. Badger MR (1985) Annu Rev Plant Physiol 36: 27–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bailey KJ, Walker DA (1992) Plant Physiol 99: 124–129.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Baker NR (1991) Physiol Plant 81: 563–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Baker NR, Horton P (1987) In: Kyle et al. (eds) Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 145–168.Google Scholar
  13. Barenyi B, Krause GH (1985) Planta 163: 218–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bennett J (1980) Eur J Biochem 104: 85–89.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bennett J (1983) Biochem J 212: 1–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Bennoun P (1982) Proc Nad Acad Sci USA 79: 4352–4356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bilger W, Björkman O (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 173–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bilger W, Björkman O (1991) Planta 184: 226–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bilger W, Schreiber U (1986) Photosynth Res 10: 303–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bilger W, Schreiber U (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 161–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bilger W, Schreiber U, Lange OL (1987) In: Tenhunen J et al. (eds) Plant response to stress. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 391–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bilger W, Heber U, Schreiber U (1988) Z Naturforsch 43c: 877–S87.Google Scholar
  23. Bilger W, Björkman O, Thayer SS (1989) Plant Physiol 92: 542–551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Björkman O (1987a) In: Biggins J (ed) Progress in photosynthesis research vol 4. Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 11–18.Google Scholar
  25. Björkman O (1987b) In: Kyle et al. (eds) Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 123–144.Google Scholar
  26. Björkman O, Demmig B (1987) Planta 170: 489–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Björkman O, Powles SB (1984) Planta 161: 490–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Björkman O, Demmig B, Andrews TJ (1988) Aust J Plant Physiol 15: 43–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Black MT, Brearley TH, Horton P (1986) Photosynth Res 8: 193–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Bolhar-Nordenkampf HR, Long SP, Baker NR et al. (1989) Funct Ecol 3: 497–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Bradbury M, Baker NR (1981) Biochim Biophys Acta 63: 542–551.Google Scholar
  32. Bradbury M, Baker NR (1984) Biochim Biophys Acta 765: 275–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Briantais JM, Vernotte C, Picaud M, Krause GH (1979) Biochim Biophys Acta 548: 128–138.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Briantais JM, Vernotte C, Krause GH, Weis E (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plant and bacteria. Academic Press, New York, pp 539–583.Google Scholar
  35. Brüggemann W, van der Kooig TAW, van Hasselt PR (1992) Planta 186: 179–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Büchel C, Wilhelm C (1990) Plant Physiol Biochem 28: 307–314.Google Scholar
  37. Bults G, Horwitz BA, Malkin S, Cahen D (1982) Biochim Biophys Acta 679: 452–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Buschmann C, Prehn H (1983) Photobiochem Photobiophys 5: 63–69.Google Scholar
  39. Butler WL (1978) Annu Rev Plant Physiol 29: 345–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Butler WL (1984) Photochem Photobiol 40: 513–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Butler WL, Kitajima M (1975) Biochim Biophys Acta 376: 116–125.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Canaani O, Malkin S (1984) Biochim Biophys Acta 766: 513–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Caron L, Berkaloff C, Duval JC, Jupin H (1987) Photosynth Res 11: 131–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Cleland RE, Critchley C (1985) Photobiochem Photobiophys 10: 83–92.Google Scholar
  45. Cleland RE, Melis A, Neale PJ (1986) Photosynth Res 9: 79–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Cornic G, Briantais JM (1991) Planta 183: 178–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Cornic G, Ghashghaie J (1991) Planta 185: 255–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Critchley C (1988) Aust J Plant Physiol 15: 27–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Crofts J, Horton P (1991) Biochim Biophys Acta 1058: 187–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Daly PF, Raschke K, Ball JT, Berry JA (1989) Plant Physiol 90: 1233–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Dau H, Hansen UP (1989) Photosynth Res 20: 59–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Dau H, Hansen UP (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 269–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Demmig B, Björkman O (1987) Planta 171: 171–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Demmig B, Winter K (1988a) Aust J Plant Physiol 15: 151–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Demmig B, Winter K (1988b) Aust J Plant Physiol 15: 163–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Demmig B, Winter K, Krüger A, Czygan FC (1987) Plant Physiol 84: 218–224.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Demmig B, Winter K, Krüger A, Czygan FC (1988) Plant Physiol 87: 17–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Demmig-Adams B (1990) Biochim Biophys Acta 1020: 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Demmig-Adams B, Adams WW (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 187–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Demmig-Adams B, Winter K, Krüger A, Czygan FC (1989) Plant Physiol 90: 881–898.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Demmig-Adams B, Adams WW, Heber U (1990) Plant Physiol 92: 293–301.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Dietz KJ, Schreiber U, Heber U (1985) Planta 166: 219–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Di Marco G, Manes F, Tricoli D, Vitale E (1990) J Plant Physiol 136: 538–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Downton WJS, Loveys BR, Grant WJR (1988a) New Phytol 108: 262–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Downton WJS, Loveys BR, Grant WJR (1988b) New Phytol 110: 503–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Ellenson JL, Amundson RG (1981) Science 215: 1104–1106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Falkowski PG, Kolber Z, Fujita Y (1988) Biochim Biophys Acta 933: 432–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Fernyhough P, Foyer CH, Horton P (1984) FEBS Lett 176: 133–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Fork DC, Mohanty P (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plant and bacteria. Academic Press, New York, pp 451–496.Google Scholar
  70. Foyer C, Furbank R, Harbinson J, Horton P (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 83–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Geacintov NE, Breton J (1987) In: CRC Crit Rev Plant Sci 55:1–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Genty B, Wonders J, Baker NR (1990a) Photosynth Res 26: 133–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Genty B, Harbinson J, Briantais JM, Baker NR (1990b) Photosynth Res 25: 249–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Giersch C, Krause GH (1992) Photosynth Res 30: 115–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Gilmore AM, Yamamoto HY (1991) Plant Physiol 96: 635–643.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Gilmore AM, Yamamoto HY (1992) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 1899–1903.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Govindjee, Satoh I (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plant and bacteria. Academic Press, New York, pp 497–537.Google Scholar
  78. Greer DH, Laing WA (1988) Planta 175: 355–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Greer DH, Berry JA, Björkman O (1986) Planta 168: 253–260.Google Scholar
  80. Guenther JE, Melis A (1990a) Photosynth Res 23: 105–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Guenther JE, Melis A (1990b) Photosynth Res 23: 195–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Harbinson J, Foyer C (1991) Plant Physiol 97: 41–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Harbinson J, Hedley CL (1989) Plant Cell Environ 12: 357–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Harbinson J, Woodward FI (1987) Plant Cell Environ 10: 131–140.Google Scholar
  85. Harbinson J, Genty B, Baker NR (1989) Plant Physiol 90: 1029–1034.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Harbinson J, Genty B, Baker NR (1990a) Photosynth Res 25: 213–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Harbinson J, Genty B, Foyer CH (1990b) Plant Physiol 94: 545–553.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Havaux M (1989) Plant Physiol 89: 286–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Havaux M, Lannoye R (1985) Photosynthetica 19: 388–396.Google Scholar
  90. Havaux M, Canaani O, Malkin S (1986) Plant Physiol 82: 827–833.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Havaux M, Strasser RJ, Greppin H (1990) Photosynth Res 27: 41–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Havaux M, Greppin H, Strasser RJ (1991) Planta 186: 88–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Havemann J, Mathis P (1976) Biochim Biophys Acta 440: 346–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Heber U, Vijl J, Neimanis S et al. (1989) Z Naturforsch 44c: 524–536.Google Scholar
  95. Heber U, Schreiber U, Siebke K, Dietz KJ (1990) In: Zelitch I (ed) Perspectives in biochemical and genetic regulation of photosynthesis. Plant biology, vol 10. Liss, New York, pp 17–37.Google Scholar
  96. Holmes JJ, Weger HG, Turpin DH (1990) Plant Physiol 91: 331–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Holzwarth AR (1987) In: Barber J (ed) Topics in photosynthesis: the light reactions, vol 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 95–157.Google Scholar
  98. Holzwarth AR (1988) In: Lichtenthaler HK (ed) Application of chlorophyll fluorescence. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 21–31.Google Scholar
  99. Holzwarth AR (1991) In: Scheer H (ed) The chlorophylls. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 1125–1151.Google Scholar
  100. Horton P (1989) In: Briggs WR (ed) Photosynthesis. Liss, New York, pp 393–406.Google Scholar
  101. Horton P, Black MT (1980) FEBS Lett 119: 141–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Horton P, Bowyer JR (1990) In: Harwood JL, Bowyer JR (eds) Methods in plant biochemistry, vol 4. Academic Press, Orlando, pp 259–296.Google Scholar
  103. Horton P, Hague A (1988) Biochim Biophys Acta 932: 107–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Horton P, Crofts J, Gordon S et al. (1989) Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 323: 269–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Horton P, Ruban AV, Rees D et al. (1991) FEBS Lett 292: 1–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Jursinic PA (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plants and bacteria. Academic Press, Orlando, pp 291–328.Google Scholar
  107. Karukstis KK (1991) In: Scheer H (ed) Chlorophylls. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 769–795.Google Scholar
  108. Keiller DR, Walker DA (1990) Proc R Soc Lond B 241: 59–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Kitajima M, Butler WL (1975) Biochim Biophys Acta 376: 105–115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Klughammer C (1992) PhD Thesis, Univ Würzburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  111. Klughammer C, Kolbowski J, Schreiber U (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 317–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Kolbowski J, Reising H, Schreiber U (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 309–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Krall JP, Edwards GE (1990) Aust J Plant Physiol 17: 579–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Krall JP, Edwards GE (1991) Aust J Plant Physiol 18: 267–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Krall JP, Edwards GE, Ku MSB (1991) Aust J Plant Physiol 18: 369–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Krause GH (1988) Physiol Plant 74: 566–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Krause GH, Behrend U (1986) FEBS Lett 200: 298–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Krause GH, Comic C (1987) In: Kyle et al. (eds) Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 169–196.Google Scholar
  119. Krause GH, Laasch H (1987) Z Naturforsch 42c: 581–584.Google Scholar
  120. Krause GH, Somersalo S (1989) Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 323: 281–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Krause GH, Weis E (1984) Photosynth Res 5: 139–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Krause GH, Weis E (1991) Annu Rev Plant Physiol 42: 313–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Krause GH, Briantais JM, Vernotte C (1982) Biochim Biophys Acta 679: 116–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Krause GH, Köster S, Wong SC (1985) Planta 165: 430–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Krause GH, Laasch H, Weis E (1988) Plant Physiol Biochem 26: 445–452.Google Scholar
  126. Krause GH, Somersalo S, Zumbusch E et al. (1990) J Plant Physiol 139: 472–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Krieger A, Weis E (1990) In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis vol 4. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 563–569.Google Scholar
  128. Krieger A, Moya I, Weis E (1992) Biochim Biophys Acta 1102: 167–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Kyle DJ (1987) in: Kyle et al. (eds), Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 197–226.Google Scholar
  130. Kyle DJ, Osmond CB, Arntzen CJ (1987) Photoinhibition. Topics in photosynthesis vol 9. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  131. Laasch H (1987) Planta 171: 220–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Laasch H, Weis E (1988) Biochim Biophys Acta 936: 99–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Laasch H, Weis E (1989) Photosynth Res 22: 137–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Laisk A, Siebke K, Gerst U et al. (1991) Planta 185: 554–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Larcher W, Neuner G (1989) Plant Physiol 89: 740–742.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Larcher W, Wagner J, Thammathaworn A (1990) J Plant Physiol 136: 92–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Lee CB, Rees D, Horton P (1990) Photosynth Res 24: 167–173.Google Scholar
  138. Lichtenthaler HK (ed) (1988) Application of chlorophyll fluorescence. Kluwer, Dordrecht, 396 pp.Google Scholar
  139. Lichtenthaler HK, Rinderle U (1988) In: CRC Crit Rev Anal Chem 19, Suppl 1:29–85.Google Scholar
  140. Lichtenthaler HK, Buschmann C, Rinderle U, Schmuck G (1986) Radiat Environ Biophys 25: 297–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Ludlow MM (1987) In: Kyle et al. (eds) Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 89–110.Google Scholar
  142. Malkin S (1977) In: Barber J (ed) Primary processes of photosynthesis. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 349–431.Google Scholar
  143. Malkin S (1987) Planta 171: 65–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Markgraf T, Berry J (1990) In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis vol 4. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 279–282.Google Scholar
  145. Melis A (1991) Biochim Biopyhs Acta 1058: 87–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Melis A, Guenther JE, Morissey PJ, Ghirardi ML (1988) In: Lichtenthaler HK (ed) Application of chlorophyll fluorescence. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 33–43.Google Scholar
  147. Mi H, Endo T, Schreiber U et al. (1992) Plant Cell Physiol 33: 1099–1105.Google Scholar
  148. Mitchell P (1975) FEBS Lett 59: 137–139.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Morita S, Itoh S, Nishimura M (1981) Plant Cell Physiol 22: 205–214.Google Scholar
  150. Moss DA, Bendall DS (1984) Biochim Biophys Acta 767: 389–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Moya I, Sebban P, Haehnel W (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plant and bacteria. Academic Press, New York, pp 161–190.Google Scholar
  152. Neubauer C, Schreiber U (1989a) Z Naturforsch 44c: 262–270.Google Scholar
  153. Neubauer C, Schreiber U (1989b) Bot Acta 102: 314–318.Google Scholar
  154. Neubauer C, Yamamoto HY (1992) Plant Physiol 99: 1354–1361.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Noctor G, Horton P (1990) Biochim Biophys Acta 1016: 228–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Noctor G, Rees D, Young A, Horton P (1991) Biochim Biophys Acta 1057: 320–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Ogren E, Oquist G (1984) Physiol Plant 62: 193–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Ogren E, Baker NR (1985) Plant Cell Environ 8: 539–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Ohad I, Koike H, Shahat S, Inoue Y (1988) Biochim Biophys Acta 993: 288–298.Google Scholar
  160. Omasa K, Shimazaki KI, Aiga I et al. (1987) Plant Physiol 84: 748–752.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Oquist G, Greer DH, Ogren E (1987) In: Kyle et al. (eds) Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 67–88.Google Scholar
  162. Oxborough K, Horton P (1987a) Photosynth Res 12: 119–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Oxborough K, Horton P (1987b) FEBS Lett 221: 211–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Oxborough K, Horton P (1988) Biochim Biophys Acta 934: 135–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Peltier G, Ravenel J, Vermeglio A (1987) Biochim Biophys Acta 893: 83–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Peterson RB (1991) Plant Physiol 97: 1388–1394.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Peterson RB, Sivak MN, Walker DA (1988) Plant Physiol 88: 158–163.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Powles SB (1984) Annu Rev Plant Physiol 35: 15–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Powles SB, Bjsrkman O (1982) Planta 156: 97–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Quick WP, Horton P (1984a) Proc R Soc Lond B 220: 361–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Quick WP, Horton P (1984b) Proc R Soc Lond B 220: 371–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Quick WP, Stitt M (1989) Biochim Biophys Acta 977: 287–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Rathenow M, Rumberg B (1980) Ber Bunsenges Phys Chem 84: 1059–1062.Google Scholar
  174. Rees D, Horton P (1990) Biochim Biophys Acta 1016: 219–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Rees D, Young A, Noctor G et al. (1989) FEBS Lett 256: 85–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Rees D, Noctor GD, Horton P (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 199–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Rees D, Horton P, Schreiber U (1993) Photosynth Res (in press).Google Scholar
  178. Reising H, Schreiber U (1992) Photosynth Res 31: 227–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Renger G, Schreiber U (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plant and bacteria. Academic Press, New York, pp 597–619.Google Scholar
  180. Richter M, Rühle W, Wild A (1990) Photosynth Res 24: 237–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Ruban AV, Rees D, Noctor GD et al. (1991) Biochim Biophys Acta 1059: 355–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Rütten D, Santarius KA (1992) Planta 187: 224–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Samuelsson G, Lönneborg A, Rosenquist E et al. (1985) Plant Physiol 79: 992–995.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Schäfer C, Björkman O (1989) Planta 178: 367–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Schatz GH, Brock H, Holzwarth AR (1988) Biophys J 54: 397–405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Schmidt W, Schreiber U, Urbach W (1987) Z Naturforsch 43c: 269–274.Google Scholar
  187. Schmidt W, Neubauer C, Kolbowski J et al. (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 241–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Schoner S, Krause GH (1990) Planta 180: 383–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Schreiber U (1980) FEBS Lett 122: 121–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Schreiber U (1986) Photosynth Res 9: 261–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Schreiber U, Bilger W (1987) In: Tenhunen DJ et al. (eds) Plant response to stress. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 27–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Schreiber U, Neubauer C (1987) Z Naturforsch 42c: 1255–1264.Google Scholar
  193. Schreiber U, Neubauer C (1989) FEBS Lett 258: 339–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Schreiber U, Neubauer C (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 279–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Schreiber U, Rienits KG (1987) FEBS Lett 211: 99–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Schreiber U, Schliwa U (1987) Photosynth Res 11: 173–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Schreiber U, Schliwa U, Bilger W (1986) Photosynth Res 10: 51–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Schreiber U, Klughammer C, Neubauer C (1988a) Z Naturforsch 43c: 686–698.Google Scholar
  199. Schreiber U, Neubauer C, Klughammer C (1988b) In: Lichtenthaler HK (ed) Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 63–69.Google Scholar
  200. Schreiber U, Neubauer C, Klughammer C (1989) Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 323: 241–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Schreiber U, Reising H, Neubauer C (1991) Z Naturforsch 46c: 635–643.Google Scholar
  202. Schroeter B, Green TGA, Seppelt RD, Kappen L (1992) Oecologia 92: 457–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Schubert K, Liese F, Rumberg B (1990) In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis, vol II. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 279–282.Google Scholar
  204. Seaton GGR, Walker DA (1990) Proc R Soc Lond B 242: 29–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Sharkey TD, Berry JA, Sage RF (1988) Planta 176: 415–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Sironval C, Strasser RJ, Brouers M (1984) In: Sironval C, Brouers M (eds) Protochlorophyllide reduction and greening. Nijhoff, The Hague, pp 307–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Sivak MN, Dietz KJ, Heber U, Walker DA (1985) Arch Biochem Biophys 237: 513–519.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. Smillie RM, Hetherington SE, He J, Nott R (1988) Aust J Plant Physiol 15: 207–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. Snel JFH, van Kooten O (eds) (1990) The use of chlorophyll fluorescence and other non-invasive spectroscopic techniques in plant stress physiology. Photosynth Res (Spec Iss) 25: 146–332.Google Scholar
  210. Snel JFH, Kooijman M, Vredenberg WJ (1990a) Photosynth Res 25: 259–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Snel JFH, van Jeperen W, Vredenberg WJ (1990b) In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis vol. II Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 911–914.Google Scholar
  212. Somersalo S, Krause GH (1989) Planta 177: 409–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Somersalo S, Krause GH (1990) Planta 180: 181–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Stitt M, Grosse H (1988) J Plant Physiol 133: 392–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Stitt M, Schreiber U (1988) J Plant Physiol 133: 263–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. Stitt M, Grosse H, Woo K-C (1988) J Plant Physiol 133: 138–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. Strasser RJ (1981) In: Akoyunoglou G (ed) Photosynthesis vol III. Balaban, Philadelphia, pp 727–737.Google Scholar
  218. Stuhlfauth T, Sültemeyer DF, Weinz S et al. (1988) Plant Physiol Progress in Chlorophyll Fluorescene Research: Major Developments 86: 246–250.Google Scholar
  219. Stuhlfauth T, Scheuermann R, Fock HP (1990) Plant Physiol 92: 1053–1061.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Styring S, Virgin I, Ehrenberg A, Andersson B (1990) Biochim Biophys Acta 1015: 269–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. Takahashi M, Asada K (1988) Arch Biochem Biophys 267: 714–722.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Terashima I, Sonoike K, Kaweizen T, Katoh S (1991) Plant Cell Physiol 32: 1275–1283.Google Scholar
  223. Thompson LK, Brudvig GW (1988) Biochemistry 27: 6653–6658.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. van Gorkom HJ (1985) Photosynth Res 6: 97–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. van Gorkom HJ (1986) In: Govindjee et al. (eds) Light emission by plant and bacteria. Academic Press, New York, pp 267–289.Google Scholar
  226. van Kooten O, Snel JFH (1990) Photosynth Res 25: 147–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. van Kooten O, van Hove B, van Wijk KJ (1988) In: Lichtenthaler HK (ed) Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 203–209.Google Scholar
  228. van Wijk KJ, Krause GH (1991) Planta 186: 135–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. Veljovic-Jovanovic S, Büger W, Heber U (1993) Planta (in press).Google Scholar
  230. Walker DA (1992) New Phytol 121: 325–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. Walters RG, Horton P (1991) Photosynth Res 27: 121–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Wels E, Berry JA (1987) Biochim Biophys Acta 894: 198–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. Weis E, Lichtenberg D (1989) Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 323: 253–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. Weis E, Ball J, Berry JA (1987) In: Biggins J (ed) Progress in photosynthesis research, vol 2. Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 553–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. Weis E, Lechtenberg D, Krieger A (1990) In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis vol 4. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 307–312.Google Scholar
  236. Wilhelm C, Duval JC (1990) Biochim Biophys Acta 1016: 197–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Williams WP, Allen JF (1987) Photosynth Res 13: 19–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Winter K, Gademann R (1991) Plant Physiol 95: 768–776.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. Winter K, Königer M (1989) Planta 180: 24–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. Wu J, Neimanis S, Heber U (1991) Bot Acta 104: 283–291.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Schreiber
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Bilger
    • 1
  1. 1.Julius-von-Sachs-Institut für Biowissenschaften mit Botanischem Garten Lehrstuhl für Botanik IUniversität WürzburgWürzburgGermany

Personalised recommendations