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Symbioses: Mycorrhizae

  • Fritz Schönbeck
  • Ingo Raschen
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 54)

Abstract

All criteria currently used to identify and classify VA-mycorrhizal fungi were critically evaluated by Morton (1988), revising the classification of the VAM fungi, proposing one new order, Glomales, two new suborders, Glomineae and Gigasporineae, and two new families, Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporaceae, with emendation of Glomaceae, and assessing the roles of species and clones in macro- and microevolutionary processes (Morton 1990; Morton and Benny 1990). Jabaji-Hare (1988) suggested the lipid and fatty acid profiles of extra and intramatrical structures of the endophytes as one means for identification, and that VA-mycorrhizal fungi had closer links with the protoctistan fungi than with Zygomycetes. The use of isozyme banding patterns after Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, in addition to morphological characters of chlamydospores, was suggested for identification, classification, and quantification of spore-cluster forming VAM fungi (Rosendahl 1989; Rosendahl et al. 1989) and Stubblefield et al. (1987) stated that they might have found the first Sclerocystis-like fungus in Paleozoic or Mesozoic sediments ever reported.

Keywords

Mycorrhizal Fungus Plant Soil Mycorrhizal Infection Agric Ecosyst Environ Bait Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fritz Schönbeck
    • 1
  • Ingo Raschen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pflanzenkrankheiten und PflanzenschutzUniversität HannoverHannover 21Germany

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