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Floral Ecology: Report on the Years 1988 (1987) to 1991 (1992)

  • Gerhard Gottsberger
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 54)

Abstract

Studies on floral ecology and flower evolutionary aspects have never been as broad as at present Research in biotic and abiotic pollination and nearly every facet of flowers, their biology and function has grown enormously. The reason for this was outlined in my last report (Prog Bot 50). The most fascinating perspectives are that floral ecologists, studying and measuring variation and morphological and behavioral modifications in the interactions they observe, are more and more in a position to evaluate directly selectional pressure, its dynamics in space and time, which then allows the understanding of the basic forces of adaptive evolution. In other words, many recent studies utilize animal-flower interactions to make quantitative tests of general hypotheses in evolutionary ecology (Feinsinger 1987; Armbruster 1992). Feinsinger (1987) proposes two major directions for future research, namely its application to agriculture and conservation biology. Barrett and Eckert (1990) expect that future studies will be even more comprehensive, as they will not concentrate on single life cycle stages only, but consider also the traits ex-pressed at different stages of the life history; selection does not act on isolated traits but “evaluates” the whole phenotype during its entire life.

Keywords

Nectar Production Floral Nectar Secondary Pollen Presentation Plant Reproductive Ecology Floral Ecology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Gottsberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches Institut IUniversität GiessenGiessenGermany

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