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Liquid Barrier and Thermal Comfort Properties of Surgical Gowns

  • Elizabeth A. McCullough

Abstract

For many years, protective garments have been worn by surgical personnel to prevent the contamination of the patient from microorganisms. More recently, medical personnel have been concerned about being exposed to diseases from the body fluids of the patient [e.g., hepatitis B (HBV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)]. The Association of Operating Room Nurses and testimony at the preliminary hearings of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration have recommended that surgical gowns repel all of the body fluids typically found in the surgical setting (1,2). Consequently, the liquid barrier properties of fabrics used to produce these protective garments need to be measured so that these products can be compared by hospital personnel.

Keywords

Nonwoven Fabric Bovine Blood Liquid Penetration Surgical Environment Thermal Manikin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Association of Operating Room Nurses (1988) AORN Journal 47(2):572–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sharbaugh RJ (1990) Idea ‘90 Proceedings of the International Nonwovens Conference and Exposition Conference, Washington DC, 233–237Google Scholar
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    American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (1988) AATCC technical manual, Research Triangle Park, NC: AATCCGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    American Society for Testing and Materials (1990) Annual book of ASTM standards, Philadelphia, PA: ASTMGoogle Scholar
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    Association of the Nonwovens Fabric Industry (INDA) (1982) INDA standards, New York: INDAGoogle Scholar
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    McCullough EA, Jones BW, and Tamura T (1989) ASHRAE Transactions 95(2):316–328Google Scholar
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    American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (1987) HVAC systems and applications 23.1–23.12, Atlanta: ASHRAEGoogle Scholar
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    Schoenberger LK and McCullough EA (1990) Liquid barrier and thermal comfort properties of surgical gowns, IER Report #90–07, Manhattan, KS: Kansas State UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth A. McCullough
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Environmental ResearchKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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