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Neuro-ophthalmic Manifestations of Intracranial Dural Venous Disorders

  • Mark J. Kupersmith

Abstract

Diseases of the venous channels cause symptoms by producing venous hypertension and congestion in the tissues due to obstruction or arterialized blood flow in the affected venous channel. Any durai venous sinus can be affected. The disorders that affect the durai venous channels include primary thromboses, arteriovenous (AV) shunts, inflammation and infections, and compression and invasion by neoplasms. Neuro- ophthalmologic signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) are seen when the blood flow through a major venous channel is acutely disrupted or when the remaining venous outflow is inadequate to drain the brain. Focal neurologic dysfunction arises when the venous outflow from a limited region is disturbed. When the cavernous sinus is prominently involved, the clinical features are of major interest to the neuro-ophthalmologist.

Keywords

Cavernous Sinus Venous Drainage Ophthalmic Artery Middle Meningeal Artery Occipital Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark J. Kupersmith
    • 1
  1. 1.Director of Neuro-ophthalmology New York Eye and Ear InfirmaryNew York University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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