Effect of kidney transplantation on quality of life measures
Assessing the quality of lif e should be an essential part of the long-term results of surgery, particularly for those procedures that may influence a patient’s lifestyle and body image. Eliminating the need for dependence on chronichemodialysis, kidneytransplantationimprovesthe patient’s autonomy but exposes them to the side-effects of immunosuppression and the constant threat of rejection. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of life of patients on the waiting list for a kidney transplantation to that of those already transplanted at our Center to quantify carefully the impact of this therapy on the patient’s physical, emotional, and social well-being. Computer analysis of the data collected from self-administered questionnaires revealed that the vast maj ority of successfully transplanted patients experience a significant improvement in almost all the areas investigated compared with the pretransplant group. In addition, we tried to use the questionnaire to predict which type of patient will adjust more fully to the impact of a kidney transplantation and which will probably need posttransplant psychological care and social support. Aside from clinical factors such as the time spent on hemodialysis before transplantation, the gender, the age, as well as the source of the organ (living vs. cadaver donor) seem to play a role in the final outcome of a successful kidney transplantation.
Key wordsQuality of life Kidney transplantation Health status measurement
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