Control of humoral and cellular immunity-mediated accelerated heart allograft rejection in sensitized rats by low dose FK 506 and splenectomy

  • H. Jiang
  • S. Takahara
  • M. Kyo
  • Y. Takano
  • H. Kameoka
  • Y. Kokado
  • M. Ishibashi
  • A. Okuyama
  • T. Sonoda
Conference paper

Abstract

ACI heart grafts are rejected, at an accelerated pace, in Lewis (LEW) rats sensitized by donor-type blood admixed with immunoadjuvant (adjuvant complete Freund, ACF) 7 days earlier. In an in vitro study, the anti-ACI cytotoxic antibody titers in the serum increased from 1:4 in nonsensitized rats to 1:128 in sensitized rats; the spontaneous blastogenesis in spleen cells was higher in sensitized rats than in nonsensitized rats; spleen cells from sensitized rats showed a strong proliferative response against donor strain stimulator cells compared with the control; the cytotoxic T cell activity of spleen cells from sensitized rats was higher than that of spleen cells from nonsensitized rats. Treatment with low dose FK 506 in combination with splenectomy (Spx) synergistically prolonged the heart allograft survival in this sensitized rat model. In conclusion: (1) Both humoral and cellular responses against the donor antigen appear in the serum and in the spleen of rats sensitized by donor-type blood admixed with immunoadjuvant ACF. (2) A low dose of FK 506 together with Spx appears to control this sensitization through different mechanisms, resulting in a prolongation of heart allograft survival.

Key words

Heart allograft survival Humoral and cellular immunity FK 506 Splenectomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Jiang
    • 1
  • S. Takahara
    • 1
  • M. Kyo
    • 1
  • Y. Takano
    • 1
  • H. Kameoka
    • 1
  • Y. Kokado
    • 1
  • M. Ishibashi
    • 1
  • A. Okuyama
    • 1
  • T. Sonoda
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of UrologyOsaka University Medical SchoolOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Departments of Organ TransplantationOsaka University Medical SchoolOsakaJapan

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