Preoperative Planning and Principles of Reduction


The proposed operative procedure should always be planned so that the fracture surgery can be carried out in a smooth and atraumatic manner. The goals of planning are twofold; first, to determine the “desired end result” with a tracing, preoperatively, of the X-rays at the completion of the procedure, and second, to develop the “surgical tactic” which defines the operative steps and their order.


Expense Mast 


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  1. Mast JW, Jakob R, Ganz R (1989) Planning and reduction technique in fracture surgery. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

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  • J. Mast

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