Specimens of Human Origin for Biomonitoring

  • F. H. Kemper


The pattern of human matrices useful for biomonitoring and therefore stored in the Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) includes specimens from autopsy material (liver and adipose tissue) as well as ‘available organs’ from living individuals: whole blood, blood plasma, and urine are used for inorganic and organic sample characterization: The compounds and analytical methods are listed. Advantages and disadvantages of the easy available specimen hair are discussed. Evaluation and judgement of analytical results must be based on reference ranges. ESB data from healthy probands are given for accidental and essential trace elements in whole blood, urine and scalp hair in comparison with collected literature results. Specific toxicokinetic indicator specimens are listed for some trace elements of environmental importance; toxicodynamic indicators are added.


Human Origin Scalp Hair Amalgam Filling Environmental Specimen Bank Wine Grower 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Hiedelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. H. Kemper

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