Gypsophila paniculata L. (Baby’s Breath): In Vitro Culture and the Production of Gypsogenin Saponins

  • M. Henry
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 21)

Abstract

Gypsophila paniculata saponins have been used for a long time under the generic name of saponin. They have the typical properties of saponins, such as detergent, emulsive, hemolytic, and membrane-toxic substances. Research has been carried out in various biological fields, for example in studies on virus (Rous sarcoma virus), on cell membranes (of chicken liver and erythrocyte ghosts) (Dourmashkin et al. 1962), in the preparation of vaccines to enhance the immune response (Freund’s adjuvent), or for use as a commercial product, known as Saponin pure white (Merck). This product has also been widely employed as a standard for hemolytic tests in most saponin determinations, and was previously reported to be extracted from roots and rhizomes of G. paniculata (Kolodziejski and Stecka 1965). These G. paniculata saponins, as well as digitonin, have been studied for their water insoluble complexes with cholesterol (Gögelein and Hüby 1984).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Henry
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Botanique, Faculté des Sciences PharmaceutiquesToulouseFrance

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