Calcium and Magnesium Deficiency in Young Pines and the Stand Structure on the Affected Habitats

  • H. Raitio


Decline and death of 15–30-year-old Scots pines (Pinus sylvestris L.) have been observed recently in dry heath forests in southwestern Finland. The sudden decline in height increment, the dieback of leading shoots and the yellowing of needles in the upper part of the tree crown are typical macroscopical symptoms of the decline. Scots pines afflicted by dieback are unable to form a new top and instead continue to grow only in diameter.


Frost Damage Magnesium Deficiency Young Stand Forest Damage Eluvial Horizon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Raitio
    • 1
  1. 1.The Finnish Forest Research InstituteParkano Research StationParkanoFinland

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