Transoral Approach

  • Madjid Samii
  • Engelbert Knosp


The development of this approach to the clivus was triggered by favorable results in transoral incisions of retropharyngeal tuberculous abscesses. In 1957, Southwick and Robinson, who were surprised at the low rate of complications caused by infections, reported on the successful removal of an osteoma of vertebral body C2; later, Fang and Ong (1962) and Fang et al. (1964) gave notice of a series of transoral operations for atlantoaxial dislocations of various origins.


Basilar Artery Soft Palate Odontoid Process Transoral Approach Median Raphe 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madjid Samii
    • 1
  • Engelbert Knosp
    • 2
  1. 1.Neurochirurgischen Klinik am Krankenhaus Nordstadt der Landeshauptstadt HannoverMedizinische Hochschule HannoverHannover 1Germany
  2. 2.Neurochirurgische UniversitätsklinikWienAustria

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