Contribution to Forest Decline Studies; Biochemical Effects of Atmospheric Pollution (Acid Rain) in Picea Trees

  • V. R. Villanueva
  • Anne Santerre


We present and discuss results from a time-course cell metabolic comparative study conducted on 30 selected (healthy and diseased) forest trees (Picea abies) growing in the polluted area of the Donon Range (Vosges, France) and on trees growing: A) under controlled conditions in phytotronic: chambers with and without subnecrotic levels of S02 (208 μg. m-3) and B.) in open-top chambers simulating the pollution conditions of the Donon Range. Mineral content (Al, Ba, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, K, Sr and Zn) in the same samples from forest trees was also determined in order to check possible correlations between deficiencies or excess of nutrients and differences in cell metabolite levels, particularly those of putrescine and polyamines which have been reported to accumulate in response to cell mineral deficiencies.

On the basis of the results obtained, a scheme is presented which summarizes a proposed sequence of metabolic events leading to the development of an adaptive metabolism which can allow trees to become healthy-resistant after passage through the diseased state. Putrescine, polyamines, tryptophan and sugars are proposed to be early markers of the biochemical and physiological effects of forest pollution.


Forest Tree Diseased Tree Polluted Area Healthy Tree Forest Decline 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams, D.O. and Yang S.F.: 1979, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76, 170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Apelbaum, A., Burgoon, A.C., Anderson, J.D., Lieberman, M., Ben-Arie, R. and Matoo, A.K.: 1981, Plant Physiol. 68, 453.Google Scholar
  3. Bonneau, M. and Landmann, G.: 1988, La Recherche 19, N°205, 1542.Google Scholar
  4. Bonte, J., Cantuel, J., and Malka, P.: 1986, Programme DEFORPA 3, 13.Google Scholar
  5. Bradford, M.M.: 1976, Anal. Biochem. 72, 248.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dai, Y.R., and Galston, A.W.: 1981, Plant Physiol. 67, 266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Durzan D.J.: 1968, Can. J. Bot. 46, 909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Galston, W.: 1983, Bioscience 33, 6, 382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goeschl, J.D., Pratt, H.K., and Bonner, B.A.: 1967, Plant Physiol. 42, 1077.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hinrichsen, D.: 1986, Ambio 15, 258Google Scholar
  11. Hutchin, M.E. and Vaughanb, E.: 1968, Plant Physiol., 43, 1913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kaur-Sawhney, R., and Galston, A.W.: 1979, Plant Cell Environm. 2, 189.Google Scholar
  13. Krivan V. and Schaldach,G.: 1985, Proj ekt Europäisches Forschungszentrum für Massnahmen zur Luftreinhaltung (PEF), 5, 163.Google Scholar
  14. Luckner, M.: 1984, Secondary Metabolism in Microorganisms, Plants and Animals, Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  15. Mehlhorn, H., and Wellburn, A.R.: 1987, Nature 327, 417.Google Scholar
  16. Mengel, K., Breininger, M.Th. and Lutz, H.J.: 1986, CEE Air Pollution Research Report, 4, 25.Google Scholar
  17. Mermet, J.M., Robin, J. and Trassy, C.: 1988, Techniques de l’Ingénieur, Fascicule P2719, 1.Google Scholar
  18. Miller, H.G.: 1986, CEE Air Pollution Research Report 4, 10.Google Scholar
  19. Montreuil, J. and Spik, G.: 1963, Microdosage des glucides totaux, Fasc. 1, 21, Faculté de Sciences de Lille.Google Scholar
  20. Morel, C., Villanueva V.R., and Queiroz, O.: 1980, Planta, 149, 440.Google Scholar
  21. Priebe, D.: 1983, Physiol. Veg. 15, 187.Google Scholar
  22. Priebe, A., Klein, H. and Jäger, H.J.: 1978, J. of Exp. Bot., 29, 1045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Richard, F.J. and Coleman, R.G.: 1952, Nature, 170, 460.Google Scholar
  24. Santerre, A., Villanueva, V.R. and Mermet, J.M.: 1990, ICP Inform.Newslet. 15, 355.Google Scholar
  25. Santere, A. Markiewicz M. and Villanueva, V.R.: 1990, Phytochemistry (in press).Google Scholar
  26. Schütt, P. and Cowling, E.B.: 1985, Plant Desease, 69, 548.Google Scholar
  27. Sinclair, C.: 1967, Nature, 213, 214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith, T.A.: 1983, Recent Adv. Phytochem., 18, 7.Google Scholar
  29. Smith, T.A.: 1985, Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol., 36, 117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ulrich,B.: 1986, Z. Pflanzerernähr. Bodenkd., 149, 702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Villanueva, V.R.: 1987, Programme DEFORPA 3, 141.Google Scholar
  32. Villanueva, V.R.: 1988, Proc. of the 2nd Internationnal Symposium on Air Pollution and plant metabolism. GSF-Report 9/87, 97.Google Scholar
  33. Villanueva, V.R., Mardon, M., Goff, M.Th., and Moncelon, F.: 1987, J. Chromatog., 393, 97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Villanueva V.R. and Santerre A.: 1989, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 48, 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Young, N.D., and Galston, A.W.: 1983, Plant Physiol. 71, 767.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Williamson, R.E. and Ashley, C.C.: 1982, Nature, 296, 647.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. R. Villanueva
    • 1
  • Anne Santerre
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Chimie des Substances NaturellesC.N.R.S.Gif-sur YvetteFrance

Personalised recommendations