Measurement and Monitoring of Individual Exposures

  • Kari Hemminki
Conference paper
Part of the ESO Monographs book series (ESO MONOGRAPHS)


In the previous chapter, the emission sources and levels of air pollutants were surveyed. This chapter will outline strategies for expo-sure assessment and give exposure estimates.


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Biological Monitoring Mainstream Smoke Outdoor Concentration Personal Monitoring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kari Hemminki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Occupational HealthHelsinkiFinland

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