Types of Stratification in the Kupferschiefer

Conference paper


The Kupferschiefer of the Central European Zechstein basin is a typical black shale. Three types of stratification are dis­cernible:
  • Alternating varve-like light and dark laminae, most likely seasonal layers.

  • Cycles of carbonate-rich and more shaly layers superpose the lami­nation. They are the result of long-term fluctuations in plancton-productivity.

  • Episodic intercalations of shell-beds in black shales, which are restricted to sites adjoining to “schwellen”. These schwellen projected above the level of the chemocline. The shell-beds are interpreted as tempestites.


Clay Sulfide Depression Europe Sedimentation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. BANAS, M. (1980): Zechstein copper deposits in Poland.- In: European Copper Deposits. Proc. Belgrade Symp. 1980, 136–141Google Scholar
  2. FUCHTBAUER, H. (1968): Carbonate sedimentation and subsidence in the Zechstein basin (Northern Germany).- In: MÜLLER, G. & FRIEDMAN, G. (eds.): Recent Developments in Carbonate Sedimentology in Central Europe, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 196–204Google Scholar
  3. GERLACH, R. & KNITZSCHKE, G. (1978): Sedimentationszyklen an der Zechsteinbasis (Z 1) im südöstlichen Harzvorland und ihre Beziehungen zu einigen bergtechnischen Problemen.- Z. angew. Geol., 12: 462–467Google Scholar
  4. JUNG, W. & KNITZSCHKE, G. (1976): Kupferschiefer in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) with special reference to the Kupferschiefer deposit in the southeast Harz Foreland.- In: WOLF, K.H. (ed.), Handbook of Stratabound and Stratiform Ore Deposits, vol. VI, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 353–406Google Scholar
  5. ULSNER, O. (1959): Bemerkungen zur Herkunft der Metalle im Kupferschiefer.- Freiberger Forschungsh., C 58: 106–113Google Scholar
  6. RENTSCH, J. (1965): Die feinstratigraphisch-lithologische Flözlagenparallelisierung im Kupferschiefer am Südrand des norddeutschen Beckens.- Z. angew. Geol., 11: 11–14Google Scholar
  7. WEDEPOHL, K.H. (1964): Untersuchungen am Kupferschiefer in Nordwestdeutschland; ein Beitrag zur Deutung der Genese bituminöser Gesteine. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 28: 305–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. WEDEPOHL, K.H. (1980): The geochemistry of the Kuferschiefer bed in Central Europe. In: European Copper Deposits. Proc. Belgrade Symp. 1980, 129–135Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Paul

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations