Types of Stratification in the Kupferschiefer


The Kupferschiefer of the Central European Zechstein basin is a typical black shale. Three types of stratification are dis­cernible:
  • Alternating varve-like light and dark laminae, most likely seasonal layers.

  • Cycles of carbonate-rich and more shaly layers superpose the lami­nation. They are the result of long-term fluctuations in plancton-productivity.

  • Episodic intercalations of shell-beds in black shales, which are restricted to sites adjoining to “schwellen”. These schwellen projected above the level of the chemocline. The shell-beds are interpreted as tempestites.


Black Shale Copper Deposit Basin Facies Dark Lamina Episodic Intercalation 
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© Springer 1982

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  • J. Paul

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