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Experimental Determination of Surface Phonons by Helium Atom and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy

  • J. P. Toennies
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 21)

Abstract

The experimental study of phonon dispersion curves is motivated by the quest for a detailed understanding of the forces between the atoms of condensed matter in the bulk and at the surface. Bulk phonons have been studied by neutron scattering since about 1955, when Brockhouse and Stewart [5.1] reported on the first measurements on aluminum. The study of surface phonons by particle scattering is a rather recent development. Neutrons are not well suited for surface studies because of their very small cross sections but nevertheless have been used to study adsorbates on layered compounds (graphite) [5.2] or vibrations on powder particles with a large ratio of surface to volume areas [5.3].

Keywords

Dispersion Curve Helium Atom Phonon Dispersion Curve Target Chamber Bulk Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

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  • J. P. Toennies

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