The Newly Industrializing Economies as Models for Establishing a Highly Competitive Industrial Base — What Lessons to Learn?

  • Wolfgang Hillebrand
Part of the Europe-Asia-Pacific Studies in Economy and Technology book series (STUDIES ECONOMY)


The amazing success of the “Newly Industrializing Economies (NIEs)” in Asia as large-scale exporters of industrial goods has aroused the interest of both policymakers and academics from the outset. To date, however, their various attempts to explain the dynamics of export-oriented late industrialization in Southeast and East Asia have failed to produce a consensus as regards the key determinants and the links between them:
  • One school of thought, which may be labelled the “liberal school”, maintains that the success of Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea (Rep.) is mainly due to the fact that these economies have, by and large, “got their prices right”, i.e. they maintained a competitive exchange rate, relied on low levels of effective protection, emphasized competition on domestic markets, implemented policies that did not, in aggregate, discriminate between broad groups of industrial activity, and reduced the role of government as the economy became more complex.1


Economic Management Indirect Form Late Industrialization Government Guidance Facility Equipment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Hillebrand
    • 1
  1. 1.Senior Industrial EconomistGerman Development Institute (GDI)Berlin 10Germany

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