The Negev Desert of Israel and Other Hot Deserts of the World: Classification According to Quantities, Distribution and Seasons of Rain. Their Influences on the Germination of Desert Plants

  • Yitzchak Gutterman
Part of the Adaptations of Desert Organisms book series (DESERT ORGAN.)


According to the average amount of annual rainfall Zohary (1962), followed by Blair (1942), classified Israel into three vegetative zones: (1) 1000-400 mm — subhumid zone; (2) 400-200 mm — semi-arid zone; (3) 200-25 mm — arid zone. These zones coincide more or less with the plant geographical divisions. The Negev is in the third category of the arid zone of Israel, with Beer Sheva in the north (31° 14′N,34°48′E) receiving 200 mm of rain, Sede Boker (30°51′N, 34°46′E) 100 mm and, in the south, Eilat (29°33′N,34°57′E) receiving 25 mm.


Desert Plant Loess Soil Negev Desert Abiotic Environmental Factor Winter Annual 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yitzchak Gutterman
    • 1
  1. 1.Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research and Department of Life SciencesBen-Gurion University of the NegevIsrael

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