We left the Jordan Valley sometime at the end of the Chalcolithic period, namely at about 5000 B.P. (3000 B.C.), and concentrated our attention on the evolution of the hydraulic society of Mesopotamia. We learnt that in about 4000 B.P. (2000 B.C.), a wave of western Semitic invaders swept into the valley and imposed its reign on the local people. The explanation given in this work, for this process, is a desiccation phase which came over the Fertile Crescent and which caused the people living in its more arid areas to seek refuge in the irrigated lands.
KeywordsRift Valley Humid Period Severe Earthquake Beer Sheva Hydraulic Balance
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References Chapter 6
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