Water in the Land of El and Baal

  • Arie S. Issar


We left the Jordan Valley sometime at the end of the Chalcolithic period, namely at about 5000 B.P. (3000 B.C.), and concentrated our attention on the evolution of the hydraulic society of Mesopotamia. We learnt that in about 4000 B.P. (2000 B.C.), a wave of western Semitic invaders swept into the valley and imposed its reign on the local people. The explanation given in this work, for this process, is a desiccation phase which came over the Fertile Crescent and which caused the people living in its more arid areas to seek refuge in the irrigated lands.


Rift Valley Humid Period Severe Earthquake Beer Sheva Hydraulic Balance 
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References Chapter 6

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arie S. Issar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Water Resources Center The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert ResearchBen Gurion University of the NegevIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Geology and MineralogyBen Gurion University of the NegevIsrael

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