Planned Organizational Change: Theory, Model, Data and Simulation

  • Chanoch Jacobsen
  • Yitzhak Samuel


Organizations have to adapt to their environments in order to survive (Lawrence and Lorsch, 1967; Weick, 1969; Galbraith, 1967). Hence, recurrent structural changes are strategic responses of organizations to the growing turbulence of modern society (e.g., Tichy, 1983). While most organizations can alter their strategies, structures and procedures to some extent, many changes do not achieve their stated goals because of inertial forces blocking the way (Hannan and Freeman, 1984). Many of the factors affecting organizational change processes have already been identified (cf. Zaltman and Duncan, 1977), but we still lack a comprehensive view that integrates the various interplaying forces (Nadler, 1981; Carnell, 1986).


Organizational Change Strategic Change Empirical Adequacy Strategic Response Participatory Management 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chanoch Jacobsen
    • 1
  • Yitzhak Samuel
    • 1
  1. 1.Technion — Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

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