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Organic Chemicals, Pulp and Paper — Annat Point (Scotland)

  • Derek Ellis

Abstract

A pulp and paper mill is a factory producing organic chemicals. It starts with biological materials, trees, and processes them into woodfibre — in a form which can be exported as rolled-up strips of solid pulp, or its byproduct, paper. Along the way, organic materials are inevitably wasted and lost — these include beneficial nutrients, dangerously changed hydrocarbons (chlorinated), and smothering woodfibre (Fig. 5.1). The wastes also include a mix of toxic chemicals used in the pulping and paper-making processes, such as chlorine and zinc. Finally, there are natural inorganic toxins wasted — different trees have bioaccumulated different trace metals from their ecosystem as they grew.

Keywords

Biochemical Oxygen Demand Paper Mill Pulp Mill Macrobenthic Fauna Benthic Ecology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek Ellis
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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