Organic Chemicals, Pulp and Paper — Annat Point (Scotland)

  • Derek Ellis


A pulp and paper mill is a factory producing organic chemicals. It starts with biological materials, trees, and processes them into woodfibre — in a form which can be exported as rolled-up strips of solid pulp, or its byproduct, paper. Along the way, organic materials are inevitably wasted and lost — these include beneficial nutrients, dangerously changed hydrocarbons (chlorinated), and smothering woodfibre (Fig. 5.1). The wastes also include a mix of toxic chemicals used in the pulping and paper-making processes, such as chlorine and zinc. Finally, there are natural inorganic toxins wasted — different trees have bioaccumulated different trace metals from their ecosystem as they grew.


Biochemical Oxygen Demand Paper Mill Pulp Mill Macrobenthic Fauna Benthic Ecology 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek Ellis
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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