Bird Migration pp 331-351
Optimal Bird Migration: The Relative Importance of Time, Energy, and Safety
- Cite this paper as:
- Alerstam T., Lindström Å. (1990) Optimal Bird Migration: The Relative Importance of Time, Energy, and Safety. In: Gwinner E. (eds) Bird Migration. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
“Optimization is the process of minimizing costs or maximizing benefits, or obtaining the best possible compromise between the two. Evolution by natural selection is a process of optimization” (R. McNeill Alexander 1982).
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