Early Retirement: The Problems of “Instrument Substitution” and “Cost Shifting” and Their Implications for Restructuring the Process of Retirement

Conference paper


The deterioration of the labour market in all OECD countries since the oil price shock of 1973 has brought with it a massive increase in early retirement. This is a result not only of discouraged older job seekers leaving the labour market for the more socially acceptable “alternative role” of early retiree, or, of persons eligible for disability benefits finding themselves forced by lack of work to exercise that option, but also of conscious policies by governments, backed by employers and trade unions (Casey and Bruche (1983), Casey (1984a), ISSA (1985)).


Pension Fund Disability Pension Early Retirement Occupational Pension Public Pension Fund 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

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