Interfacial stability

  • W. T. Coakley
  • D. Gallez
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Biophysics book series (BIOPHYSICS, volume 5)

Abstract

Aspects of the behaviour of cell plasma membranes, either singly or as pairs in close apposition, resemble the behaviour of thin fluid films of low interfacial tension. Modification of a low interfacial tension thin film or of its environment can destabilise the film. Such destabilisation leads either to a transition from one state to another stable state of different morphology or to breakup of the film to give droplets. Theoretical treatments of the dependence of the stability of thin films on surface charge density, environmental ionic strength, electrical stress in the film, viscous and mechanical properties of the film and presence of cross-linking polymers are presented. The results of experimental studies of destabilization of erythrocyte membranes are reviewed to give (i) growth of spatially periodic disturbances on the membrane leading to vesicle formation or (ii) spatially periodic contact between cells exposed to a variety of adhesive polymers, or to electric fields. Some quantitative agreement between theory and experiment is obtained. Examples of interfacial instability involving cell surfaces in a number of in vivo situations are discussed.

Keywords

Convection Polysaccharide Lysine Dextran Candida 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arnold WM, Zimmermann U (1984) Electric-field induced fusion and rotation of cells. Biol Membranes 5:389–454Google Scholar
  2. Bennett V (1989). The spectrin-actin junction of erythrocyte membrane skeletons. Biochim biophys Acta 988:107–121PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bisch PM, Wendel H, Gallez D (1983) Linear hydrodynamics of viscous thin films. General theory. J Coll Interf Sci 92:105–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brandts JF, Erickson L, Lysko, K, Schwartz AT, Taverna RD (1987) Calorimetric studies of the structural transitions of the human erythrocyte membrane. The involvement of spectrin in the A transition. Biochemistry 16:3450–3454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bredt W, Heunert HH, Höfling KH, Milthaler B (1973) Microcinem-atographic studies of Mycoplasma hominis cells. J Bacteriol 113:1223–1227PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Burgess DR, Prum BE (1982) Re-evaluation of brush border motility: Calcium induces core filament solation and microvillar vesiculation J. Cell Biol 94:97–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coakley WT, Bater AJ, Deeley JOT (1978) Vesicle production on heated and stressed erythrocytes. Biochim biophys Acta 512:318–330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coakley WT, Darmani H, Irwin SAf Robson K and Gallez D (1988) Spatially periodic cell-cell contacts in an erythrocyte model system. Studia Biophys 127:69–74Google Scholar
  9. Coakley WT, Deeley JOT (1980) Effects of ionic strength, serum protein and surface charge on membrane movements and vesicle production in heated erythrocytes. Biochim biophys Acta 602:355–375PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Coakley WT, Gallez D (1989) Membrane-membrane contact; involvement of interfacial instability in the generation of discrete contacts. Bioscience Reports, submitted.Google Scholar
  11. Coakley WT, Hewison LA, Tilley D (1985) Interfacial instability and the agglutination of erythrocytes by polylysine. Eur Biophys J 13:123–130PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Coakley WT, Nwafor A, Deeley JOT (1983) Tetracaine modifies the fragmentation mode of heated human erythrocytes and can induce heated cell fusion. Biochim biophys Acta 727:293–302PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Colwin LH, Colwin AL (1967) Membrane fusion in relation to sperm-egg association. In; Fertilization, vol.1 (eds CB Metz, A Monroy) Academic Press, NY pp. 295–368.Google Scholar
  14. Croop J and Holtzer H (1975) Response of myogenic and fibrogenic cells to cytochalsin B and to colcemid. J Cell Biol 65:271–285PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Crum LA, Coakley WT, Deeley JOT (1979) Instability development on heated human erythrocytes. Biochim biophys Acta 554:76–89PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dan JC (1967) A Monroy Academic Press NY pp. 237–294.Google Scholar
  17. Darmani H, Coakley WT, Hann AC, Brain A (1989) Spreading of wheat germ agglutinin induced erythrocyte contact area: Evidence for formation of local spatially discrete contacts. Cell Biophys, in press.Google Scholar
  18. Deeley JOT, Crum LA and Coakley WT (1979) The influence of temperature and incubation time on deformability of human erythrocytes. Biochim biophys Acta 554:90–101PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Deeley JOT, Coakley WT (1983) Interfacial instability and membrane internalization in human erythrocytes heated in the presence of serum albumin. Biochim biophys Acta 727:293–302PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dimitrov DS (1982). Instability of thin liquid films between membranes. Colloid & Polymer Sci 260:1137–1144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dimitrov DS, Jain RK (1984) Membrane stability. Biochim biophys Acta 779:437–468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Doulah FA, Coakley WT (1984) Intrinsic electric fields and membrane bending. J Biol Phys 12:44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Evans EA (1983) Bending elastic modulus of red blood cell membrane derived from buckling instability in micropipette aspiration tests. Biophys J 43:27–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Felderhof BV (1968) Dynamics of free liquid films. J Chem Phys 49:44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fowler VM (1986) Cytoskeleton: New views of the red cell network. Nature 322:777–778PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pricke K, Sackmann E (1984) Variation of frequency spectrum of the erythrocyte flickering caused by aging, osmolarity, temperature and pathological changes. Biochim biophys Acta 803:145–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gallez D (1983) Repulsive stabilization in black lipid membranes. Biophys Chem 18:165–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gallez D, Coakley WT (1986) Interfacial instability at cell membranes. Prog Biophys molec Biol 48:155–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Gallez D, Prevost M, Sanfeld A (1984) Repulsive hydration forces between charged lipidic bilayers. A linear stability analysis. Colloids Surf 10:123–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Grieg RG, Brooks DE (1979) Shear-induced Concanavalin A agglutination of human erythrocytes. Nature 282:738–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Goldin M, Yerushalmi J, Pfeffer R, Shinnar R (1969) Breakup of a laminar jet of viscoelastic fluid. J Fluid Mech 38:689–711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hewison LA (1988) Spatial periodicity of cell-cell contact: An interfacial instability approach. Ph D Thesis, Univ of Wales.Google Scholar
  33. Hewison LA, Coakley WT, Meyer HW (1988) Spatially periodic discrete contact regions in polylysine-induced erythrocyte-yeast adhesion. Cell Biophys 13:151–157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Hochmuth RM, Mohandas N, Blackshear PL (1973). Measurement of the elastic modulus for red cell membrane using a fluid mechanical technique. Biophys. J. 13:747–762PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Israelachvili JN, McGuiggan PM (1988) Forces between surfaces in liquids. Science 24:795–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Jain RK, Maldarelli C and Ruckenstein E (1978) Onset of microvilli in normal and neoplastic cells. AIChE Symposium Series, Biorheology 74:120–124Google Scholar
  37. Katchalsky A, Danon D, Nevo A, de Vries A (1959) Interactions of basic polyelectrolytes with the red blood cell 2. Agglutination of red blood cells by polymeric bases. Biochim biophys Acta 33:120–138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Klein HP, Stockem W (1979) Pinocytosis and locomotion of amoebas. Dynamics and motive force generation during induced pinocytosis in A. proteus. Cell Tissue Res 197:263–279PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Knutton S, Lloyd DR, McNeish A (1987) Adhesion of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to human intestinal enterocytes and to cultured human intestinal mucosa. Infect Immunity 55:69–77Google Scholar
  40. Krstic RV (1979) Ultrastructure of the mammalian cell, Springer Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  41. Marsland D (1964) Primitive Motile Systems. In: Cell Biology(Allen RD and Kamiya N eds) pp 173–185, Academic Press, NY.Google Scholar
  42. Miller CA, Scriven LE (1970). Interfacial instability due to electrical forces in double layers. J Colloid Interfac Sci33:360–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Murphy CL (1966). Thermodynamics of low tension and highly curved interfaces. Ph D Thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, University Microfilms, Zerox, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  44. Neumann E (1988) The electroporation hysteresis. Ferroelectrics 77:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ournisson G, Rohmer M, Porolla K (1987) Prokaryotic hopanoids and other polyterpenoid sterol surrogates. Ann Rev Microbiol 41:301–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rotrosen D, Edwards JE Jr, Gibson TR, Moore JC, Cohen AH, Green I (1985) Adheherence of Candida to cultured vascular endothelial cells: Mechanisms of attachment and endothelial penetration. J. Infect Dis 152:1264–1274Google Scholar
  47. Razin S (1985) Molecular biology and genetics of mycoplasma(mollieutes). Microbiol Rev 49:419–454PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Russell L, Peterson R, Freud M (1979) Direct evidence for formation of hybrid vesicles by fusion of plasma and outer acrosomal membranes in boar spermatozoa. J Exp Zool 208:41–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sanfeld A, Steinchen A, Hennenberg M, Bisch PM, van Lamsweerde-Gallez D, Dalle-Vedove W (1979). In; Lecture Notes in Physics 105:168–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Segel LA, Volk T, Geiger B (1983) On spatial periodicity in the formation of cell adhesions to a substrate. Cell Biophys 5:95–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Skalak R, Zarda PR, Jan K-M, Chien S (1981) Mechanics of rouleau formation Biophys J 35:771–781Google Scholar
  52. Steinchen A, Gallez D, Sanfeld A (1982) A viscoelastic approach to the hydrodynamic stability of membranes. J Coll Interf Sci 85:5–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Stenger DA, Hui SW (1986) Kinetics of ultrastructural changes during electrically induced fusion of human erythrocytes. J Mem Biol 93:43–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sugar I, Forster W, Neumann E (1987) Model of cell electrofusion. Membrane electroporation, pore coalescence and percolation. Biophys Chem 26:321–335PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Tilley D, Coakley WT, Gould RK, Payne SE and Hewison LA (1987) Real time observations of polylysine, dextran and polyethylene glycol induced mutual adhesion of erythrocytes held in suspension in an ultrasonic standing wave field. Eur Biophys J 14:499–507PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tilney LG, Hiramoto Y, Marsland D (1966) Studies on the microtubules in Helizoa. III. A pressure analysis on the role of the structures in the formation and maintenance of the axopodia of Actinosphaerium nucleofilum, J Cell Biol 29:77–95PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. van Ossvan Oss CJJ, Coakley WT (1988) Mechanisms of successive modes of erythrocyte stability and instability in the presence of various polymers. Cell Biophys 13:141–150Google Scholar
  58. Vasiliev JM (1985) Spreading of non-transformed and transformed cells. Biochim biophys Acta 780:21–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Vasiliev JM (1987) Actin cortex and microtubular system in morphogenesis: cooperation and competition. In; Cell Behaviour: Shape, Adhesion and Motility (Heaysman JEM, Middleton CA, Watt FM, eds) J Cell Sci; Supplement 8.Google Scholar
  60. Zimmermann U (1982) Electric field-mediated fusion and related electrical phenomena. Biochim biophys Acta 694:227–277PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. T. Coakley
    • 1
  • D. Gallez
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Pure and Appl. Biol.Univ. of Wales Coll. of CardiffCardiffUK
  2. 2.Service de Chim. PhysUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations