DOPE — A Fast Method to Measure CSF Motion

  • D. Ott
  • J. Hennig
Conference paper


The physiology of CSF circulation is not yet fully understood. Various invasive methods and recently some noninvasive MR methods have been used to study bulk motion and local CSF pulsations. DOPE (double phase encoding) is a new MR method (Hennig 1988) that allows one to measure quantitatively the CSF flow over a wide region within seconds during routine examinations. The flow patterns in normal volunteers and in patients with suspected disturbed CSF circulation will be discussed.


Fourth Ventricle High Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging Cranio Cervical Junction Magnetic Resonance Signal Intensity High Resolution Magnetic Resonance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Bradley WG, Kortman KE, Burgoyne B, Eng D (1986) Flowing cerebrospinal fluid in normal and hydrocephalie states: appearance on MR images. Radiology 159: 611–616PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Enzmann DR, Donohue J, Rubin JB, Shuer L, Cogen P, Silverberg G (1987) CSF pulsations within nonneoplastic spinal cord cysts. AJR 149: 149–157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Feinberg DA, Mark AS (1987) Human brain motion and cerebrospinal fluid circulation demonstrated with MR velocity imaging. Radiology 163: 793–799PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Hennig J (1988) Generalised MR interferography. Proceedings SMRM 1988, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Mark AS, Feinberg DA, Brant-Zawadzki MN (1987) Changes in size and magnetic resonance signal intensity of the cerebral CSF spaces during the cardiac cycle as studies by gated, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Invest Radiol 22: 290–297PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Rubin JB, Enzmann DR (1987) Imaging of spinal CSF pulsation by 2DFT MR: significance during clinical imaging. AJNR 8: 297–306Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Sherman JL, Citrin CM (1986) Magnetic resonance demonstration of normal CSF flow. AJNR 7: 3–6PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Ott
  • J. Hennig

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations