Thermal-Diffusion Autosolitons in Semiconductor and Gas Plasmas

  • B. S. Kerner
  • V. V. Osipov
Conference paper
Part of the Research Reports in Physics book series (RESREPORTS)


The formation of thermal-diffusion autosolitons and strata in nonequilibrium semiconductors and gases is discussed and studied on the basis of the general theory of autostructures in the active systems with diffusion developed by the authors earlier. Thermal-diffusion autosolitons represent regions of high temperature and low concentration of carriers in cases of either “positive” thermal diffusion or high concentration (“negative” thermal diffusion). It is shown that such autostructures are produced spontaneously and/or by stimulation in gas and electron-hole plasma heated by static or r.f. electric field or by light Discussed here is the physics of the formation, together with the main types and properties of thermal-diffusion autosolitons and strata. It is emphasized that thermal-diffusion autosolitons as the regions of high temperature can be excited during a weak homogeneous heating of carriers in gas or semiconductor plasma, and also of mixture of neutral gases So, the formation of such autosolitons is similar to the phenomenon of ball lightning.


Thermal Diffusion Local Relation Energy Balance Equation Ball Lightning Weak Electric Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. S. Kerner
    • 1
  • V. V. Osipov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of RadiotechnicsElectronics and AutomaticsMoscowUSSR

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