Negative Evidence in First- and Second-Language Acquisition
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While the focus of Chapter 4 was on the problematic status of metalinguistic output in formulating second-language acquisition theory, Chapter 5 examines the possibility of a facilitative role of metalinguistic input in language learning. The term “metalinguistic input” is used here in a fairly general sense to refer to interlocutors’ (usually, native speakers’ or teachers’) references to learners’ linguistic form. Although such a definition embraces a number of varieties of metalinguistic input, special emphasis is placed in this chapter on the function of negative evidence (that is, indications given to learners that certain strings are not grammatical) in learners’ ultimate attainment of knowledge of target language structure.
KeywordsNegative Feedback Native Speaker Language Learning Language Acquisition Negative Information
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