Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

  • D. Meier
  • O. Faix
Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)


Pyrolysis is the transformation of a nonvolatile compound into a volatile degradation mixture by heat in the absence of oxygen. A rate of heating to the final temperature in the millisecond range is typical for analytical pyrolysis, in contrast to the slow heating rates employed for other thermal characterization techniques, e.g., thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), that are in the range of minutes or hours. Simple sample preparation (drying and milling), rapid analysis times (from minutes up to 1.5 h) and small sample size (1 to 100µg) are the key features of analytical pyrolysis. Comprehensive books on special applications of pyrolysis are available (Irwin 1982, Meuzelaar et al. 1982, Voorhees 1984, Liebman and Levy 1985, Linskens and Jackson 1986).


Pyrolysis Product Coniferyl Alcohol Sinapyl Alcohol Milled Wood Lignin Lignin Sample 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Meier
  • O. Faix

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