An Improved Method of Photographic Measures of Double Stars
We present a new technique in double star photography leading to high accuracy measurements in amateur-size instruments. The trailing method has been improved by the use of a chopper that cuts the trail into a number of segments. The chopper period is accurately known, so it is the length of each segment on the plate. In this way the scale factor is measured in each exposure. Fine-grain films, such as hyper-sensitized Kodak 2415, are used and all measurements are performed at the microscope. The same technique may also be applied to CCD cameras. A statistical analysis of errors shows that ∆θ < 30′ and ∆p/p ≈ 0.01 for most binaries with p ≥ 3″. This method has been applied to professional-amateur joint programs dealing with multiple systems with variable components and a survey of poorly-observed wide binaries.
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