The Biological Transduction Mechanism of Low-energy Time-varying Electromagnetic Fields

  • D. B. Jones
Conference paper


The clinical use of electric fields has had a very long history, reaching back to pre roman times. The electric organs of the Torpedo were applied to the heads of depressives and epileptics by both the Greeks and the Romans, a practice not significantly different from electro-convulsive shock therapy used today for certain cases of depression!


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag · Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung Zellbiologie, Orthopädische KlinikUniversität MünsterMünsterGermany

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