Advertisement

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus in Children — The State of Hypercompensation

  • J. Wocjan
  • L. Batorski
  • M. Czosnyka
  • P. Wollk-Laniewski
  • W. Zaworski
Conference paper

Abstract

According to current knowledge, normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by the following biomechanical factors: normal or slightly elevated ICP level and increased resistance to absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (RCSF) (Bering and Sato 1963, Black 1980, Guidetti and Gagliardi 1972). However, little is known about the other biomechanical features of the cerebrospinal system which can also playa significant role in its pathomechanism. In some recent papers, suggestions that increased capability of CSF storage in the ventricular system may be a reason for its progressive enlargement despite normal ICP levels, have been presented (Kosteljanetz 1986).

Keywords

Head Circumference Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Central Nervous System Malformation Cerebrospinal System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Avezaat CJJ, van Eijndhoven JHM (1984) Cerebrospinal fluid pulse pressure and craniospinal system. Doctor’s Thesis, Erasmus University, Jongbloed and Zoon Publishers, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  2. Bering EA Jr, Sato O (1963) Hydrocephalus: changes in formation and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid within the cerebral ventricles. J Neurosurg 20:1050–1060PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Black PM (1980) Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Results of shunting in 62 patients. J Neurosurg 52:371–377PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Guidetti B, Gagliard FM (1972) Normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 27:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kosteljanetz M (1986) CSF dynamics and pressure–volume relationships in communicating hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 54:45–52Google Scholar
  6. Shapiro K, Fried A, Marmarou A (1985) Biomechanical and hydrodynamic characterization of the hydrocephalic infant. J Neurosurg 63:69–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wocjan J et al. (1986) Analysis of CSF dynamics by computerized pressure-elastance resorption test in hydrocephalic children. Childs Nerv Syst 2:98–99PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Wocjan
    • 1
  • L. Batorski
    • 1
  • M. Czosnyka
    • 2
  • P. Wollk-Laniewski
    • 3
  • W. Zaworski
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinic of NeurosurgeryChild’s Health CentreWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Institute of Electronics FundamentalsWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive CareChild’s Health CentreWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations