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Risks of Salt Depletion and Salt Excess

  • D. Ely
  • B. Folkow
  • N. F. Paradise

Abstract

Sodium homeostasis is maintained by an abundance of mechanisms affecting Na intake, reabsorption and excretion (Denton 1982; Folkow 1982) that allow most species to maintain an internal Na equilibrium even when salt intakes are forced towards severe deprivation or overt excess. The control mechanisms become increasingly taxed and inadequate when salt intake is severely restricted or excessive. At one end of the spectrum lies cardiovascular collapse and at the other hypertension; both responses are often assumed to be more or less direct consequences of hypo- and hypervolemia, respectively.

Keywords

Mean Arterial Pressure Salt Intake Restraint Stress Transmitter Release Primary Hypertension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Ely
  • B. Folkow
  • N. F. Paradise

There are no affiliations available

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