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Functions of the Alimentary Canal

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Human Physiology

Abstract

The alimentary tract serves primarily to convert food into absorbable particles and to pass them on to the other organs of the body. These events are initiated by mechanical processes (fragmentation, mixing, transport) and the secretion of digestive juices containing enzymes, which act to split proteins, fats and carbohydrates by hydrolysis into constituents small enough to be absorbed (digestion). These end products of digestion, together with water, minerals and vitamins, then pass through the intestinal mucosa, from the lumen of the intestine into the blood and lymph (absorption).

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© 1989 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Ewe, K., Karbach, U. (1989). Functions of the Alimentary Canal. In: Schmidt, R.F., Thews, G. (eds) Human Physiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-73831-9_29

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-73831-9_29

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-73833-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-73831-9

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