Advertisement

Sexology pp 55-63 | Cite as

Temperature Computers

  • K. Loewit
  • H. G. Kraft
  • A. Ortlieb
  • G. Wolfram
Conference paper

Abstract

Behavioral methods of conception control or contraception are being met with increasing interest (WHO 1981) and constitute a growing — though still very small — segment of family planning methods: In recent surveys in Austria and the Federal Republic of Germany, 2.8% reported the use of basal body temperature (BBT) (Münz 1987) and 3.9% the use of natural family planning (NFP), with 14% stating their intention to practise such methods in the future (Döring 1986 b). Contrary to previous calendar methods (Knaus 1933; Ogino 1932), modern self-observation methods (SOM) like the symptothermal method (STM) (Rötzer 1986) are safe and reliable (Döring 1986 a; Frank and Raith 1985; Rice 1981; Rötzer 1968, 1978a, 1978b, 1986).

Keywords

Luteinizing Hormone Time Slot Temperature Computer Cervical Mucus Serum Luteinizing Hormone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albrecht BH, Fernando RS, Regas J, Betz G (1985) A new method for predicting and confirming ovulation. Fertil Steril 44: 200–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Baby comp (1987) Dtsch Apothek Z 127Google Scholar
  3. Döring GK (1986) Die Temperaturmethode zur Empfängnisverhütung (1st edn, 9th edn 1954 ). Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  4. Döring GK ( 1986 a) Empfängnisverhütung, 10th edn. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  5. Döring GK, Baur S, Frank P, Freundl G, Sottong G (1986 b) Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Umfrage zum Familienplanungsverhalten in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1985. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 46: 892–897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Döring GK, Daucher HK (1986 c) Bestimmung der unfruchtbaren Tage im Zyklus der Frau. Fortschr Med 104: 941–942Google Scholar
  7. Frank P, Raith E (1985) Natürliche Familienplanung. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  8. Knaus H (1933) Die periodische Frucht- und Unfruchtbarkeit des Weibes. Zentralbl Gynäkol 57: 1393–1408Google Scholar
  9. Kraft HG, Fischer-Korp C, Loewit K (1984) A radioimmunological method for LH measurements in saliva. Contraceptive Delivery System 5: 99Google Scholar
  10. Loewit K, Kraft HG, Ortlieb A (1985) Measurement of LH in saliva: a new approach to ovulation detection. In: Runnebaum et al. (eds) Future aspects in contraception. MTP, Boston, pp 31–47Google Scholar
  11. Loewit K, Ortlieb A, Kraft HG, Widhalm R, Wolfram G (1987) Wie erkennt man die „sicheren“Tage? Sexualmedizin 16: 52–57Google Scholar
  12. Loewit K, Huber J, Ortlieb A, Kraft HG, Widhalm R, Wolfram G (to be published) Speichel -LH als Ovulationsindikator: Vergleich zwischen Speichel-LH, Serum-LH und Ul- traschallbefund. Geburtsh FrauenheilkGoogle Scholar
  13. Münz R (1987) Empfängnisverhütung und Familienplanung. Prakt Arzt 41: 11–30Google Scholar
  14. Ogino K (1932) Über den Konzeptionstermin des Weibes und seine Anwendung in der Praxis. Zentralbl Gynäkol 12: 721–732Google Scholar
  15. Rabe T, Kiesel L, Runnebaum B (1985) Future aspects in contraception: an overview. In: Runnebaum B, Rabe T, Kiesel L (eds) Future aspects in contraception, part 1. MTP, BostonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rice FJ, Lanctöt CIA, Garcia-Devesa C (1981) Effectiveness of the sympto-thermal method of natural family planning: an international study. Int J Fertil 26: 222–230PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Rötzer J (1968) Erweiterte Basaltemperaturmessung und Empfängnisregelung. Arch Gynäkol 206: 195–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rötzer J (1978 a) The symptothermal method: ten years of change. Linacre Quart 45:358–374Google Scholar
  19. Rötzer J (1978 b) Sympto-thermal method and family planning. Acta Med Rom 16:339–348Google Scholar
  20. Rötzer J (1986) Natürliche Geburtenregelung, 16th edn. Herder, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  21. Royston JP, Humphrey SJE, Flynn AM, Marshall J, Zarzosa-Perez A (1984) An automatic electronic device ( Rite Time) to detect the onset of the infertile period by basal body temperature measurements. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 91: 565–573Google Scholar
  22. Schenker JG, Mor-Yosef S (1985) Natural family planning. In: Runnebaum B, Rabe T, Kiesel L (eds) Future aspects in contraception, part 2. MTP, BostonGoogle Scholar
  23. WHO (1981) A prospective multicentre trial of the ovulation method of NFP. I The teaching phase. Fertil Steril 36: 152–158Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Loewit
    • 1
  • H. G. Kraft
    • 1
  • A. Ortlieb
    • 1
  • G. Wolfram
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Medical Biology and GeneticsUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.Institute for Marriage and FamilyViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations