Zur Prämedikation des ambulanten Patienten

  • J. Hausdörfer
Conference paper
Part of the Anaesthesiologie und Intensivmedizin / Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine book series (A+I, volume 205)


Die medikamentöse Anästhesievorbereitung soll zur Reduktion des emotionalen präoperativen Stresses, der sich in Form von Angst, Depression und Asthenie ausdrückt, sowie zur Abschwächung der begleitenden physiologischen Auswirkungen beitragen (Tabelle 1).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Brocks K, Jensen JS, Schmidt JF, Chræmmer Jørgensen B (1987) Gastric contents and pH after oral premedication. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 31: 448–449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goudsouzian NG, Young ET (1987) The efficacy of ranitidine in children. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 31: 387–390PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hofstad B, Haavik PE, Wigkstøm E, Steen PA (1987) Benzodiazepines as oral premedication. A comparison between oxazepam, flunitrazepam and placebo. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 31: 295–299PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lanz E, Schäfer M, Brünisholz V (1987) Midazolam (Dormicum) zur oralen Prämedikation vor Regionalanästhesie. Anaesthesist 36: 197–202PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Manchikanti L, Roush JR (1984a) Effect of preanesthetic glycopyrrolate and cimetidine on gastric fluid pH and volume in outpatients. Anesth Analg 63: 40–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Manchikanti L, Colliver JA, Marrero TC, Roush JR (1984b) Ranitidine and metociopramide for prophylaxis of aspiration pneumonitis in elective surgery. Anesth Analg 63: 1903–1910Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Manchikanti L, Colliver JA, Marrero TC, Roush HR (1985a) Assessment of age-related acid aspiration risk factors in pediatric, adult and geriatric patients. Anesth Analg 64: 11–17PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Manchikanti L, Grow JB, Colliver JA, Hadley CH, Hohlbein LJ (1985b) Bicitra (Sodium citrate) and metoclopramide in outpatients anesthesia for prophylaxis against aspiration pneumonitis. Anesthesiology 63: 378–384PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nimmo WS, Heading RC, Wilson I, Tothill P, Prescott LF (1975) Inhibition of gastric emptying and drug absorption by narcotic analgesics. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2: 509–513PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Boyle CA, Harris D, Barry H, McCreary C, Bewley A, Fox E (1987) Comparison of midazolam by mouth and diazepam i.v. outpatient oral surgery. Br J Anaesth 59: 746–754PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rreder JC, Breivik H (1987) Premedication with midazolam in outpatient general anaesthesia. A comparison with morphine-scopolamine and placebo. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 31: 509–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Reves JG, Fragen RJ, Vinik HR, Greenblatt DJ (1985) Midazolam: Pharmacology and Uses. Anesthesiology 63: 31 0–324Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Simpson KH, Smith RJ, Davies LF (1987) Comparison of the effects of atropine and glycopyrrolate on cognitive function following general anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 59: 966–969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Toft P, Rømer UD (1987) Glycopyrrolate compared with atropine in association with ketamine anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 31: 438–449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tolksdorf W, Pirwith A, Bentzinger C, Pfeiffer J (1987a) Ro 15–1788 antagonisiert zuverlassig die Benzodiazepinwirkung nach Flunitrazepam-Kombinationsnarkosen. Anaesthesist 36: 203–209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tolksdorf W, Gerlach C, Hartung M, Hettenbach A (1987b) Midazolam und Pethidinl Promethazin zur inträmuskularen Prämedikation. Anaesthesist 36: 275–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yildiz F, Tryba M (1983) Cimetidin als Adjuvans zur Prämedikation. In: Kühn K, Hausdörfer J (Hrsg) Prämedikation im Kindesalter. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 54–57Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Hausdörfer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations