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Spatiotemporal Patterns of Block in an Ionic Model of Cardiac Purkinje Fibre

  • M. R. Guevara
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 39)

Abstract

The electrical activity of cardiac muscle serves as the trigger for the mechanical contraction of the heart that is essential for the preservation of life. In the mammalian heart, there is a well-organi zed sequence of activation in both space and time. This synchronized activity hinges upon the existence of a specialized electrical conduction system. The sinoatrial node, a specialized structure sitting high up in the right atrium, fires first, sending an electrical signal to the right and left atria (initiating contraction of the muscle in both atria). From the right atrium, the signal proceeds to another specialized structure, the atrioventricular node, which then relays the signal on to the bundle of His, the bundle branches, and the Purkinje network. This network is composed of fine strands of Purkinje cells which ramify over the inner surface of the ventricles, delivering the cardiac impulse to the working myocardium of both ventricles. Thus, the entire specialized conduction system serves to generate and conduct the cardiac impulse in a highly coordinated manner, with one activation of any heart cell for each activation of any other heart cell. In addition, the difference in activation times of any two given cells remains fixed from beat to beat.

Keywords

Conduction Velocity Action Potential Duration Purkinje Fibre Atrioventricular Node Tangent Bifurcation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Guevara
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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