Advertisement

Isofluran: Klinische Erfahrungen im Kindesalter

  • M. Eckrich
  • H. H. Hennes
Conference paper
Part of the Kinderanästhesie book series (KINDERANAESTHES)

Zusammenfassung

In der Kinderanästhesie dürfte die dominierende Rolle der Inhalationsnarkose unbestritten sein. Sie zeichnet sich durch komplikationsarme Ein- und Ausleitung sowie gute Steuerbarkeit aus. Dabei verdrängte zu Beginn der 60er Jahre Halothan weitgehend alle übrigen Inhalationsnarkotika.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Altemeyer KH, Fösel T, Berg-Seiter S et al (1986) Besonderheiten der endotrachialen Intubation und der Narkosesysteme. In: Dick W (Hrsg) Kombinationsnarkosen im Kindesalter, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Atlee JL III, Alexander SC (1977) Halothane effects on conductivity of the AV-node and HIS-Purkinje system in the dog. Anesth Analg 56: 378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blitt CD, Raessler KL, Wightman MA et al (1979) Atrioventricular conduction in dogs during anesthesia with isofluran. Anesthesiology 50: 210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brandom BW, Brandom RB, Cook DR (1983) Uptake and distribution of halothane in infants: In vivo measurements and computer simulations. Anesth Analg 62: 404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brown BR (1982) Zum gegenwärtigen Stand der Hepatotoxizität halogenierter Inhalations-anästhestika. In: Peter K, Jesch F (Hrsg) Inhalationsanästhesie heute und morgen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 13Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Buss G, Büch U (1985) Klinische Erfahrungen mit Isofluran-Inhalations-Anästhesien bei Kindern. Anasth Intensivmed 26: 379Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cascorbi HF, Blake DA, Heltich M (1970) Differences in biotransformation of halothane in man. Anesthesiology 32: 119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cattermole RW, Verghese C, Blair J et al (1986) Isoflurane and halothane for outpatient dental anaesthesia in children. Br J Anaesth 58: 385PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chase RE, Holaday DA, Fiserova V et al (1971) The biotransformation of ethrane in man. Anesthesiology 35: 262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chinyanga HM, Vandenberghe H, MacLeod S et al (1984) Assessment of immediate postanesthetic recovery in young children following intravenous morphine infusions, halothane, and isoflurane. Can Anaesth Soc J 31: 28PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cohen EN (1978) Toxicity of inhalation anesthetic agents. Br J Anaesth 50: 665PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cohen EN, Brown BW, Bruce DL et al (1974) Occupational disease among operation room personal. A national study. Anesthesiology 41: 321Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Coté CJ, Liu LM, Szyfelbein et al (1986) Intraoperative events diagnosed by expiored carbon dioxide monitoring in children. Can Anaesth Soc J 33: 315PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cromwell TH, Eger EI II, Stevens WC et al (1971) Forane uptake, excretion, and blood solubility in man. Anesthesiology 35: 401PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Davison LA, Steinhalber JC, Eger EI II et al (1975) Psychological effects of halothanbe and isoflurane anesthesia. Anesthesiology 43: 313PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Diaz JH, Lockhard CH (1979) Is halothane really safe in infancy. Anesthesiology 51: 313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Duke PC, Hill K, Trosky S (1982) The effect of isoflurane and isoflurane with N2O anesthesia on baroreceptorreflex control of heard rate in man. Anesthesiology 57: 41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Eger EI II, Stevens WC, Cromwell TH (1971) The electroencephalogram in man anesthetised with forane. Anesthesiology 35: 504PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fisher DM, Robinson S, Brett C et al (1984) Comparison of enflurane, halothane and isoflurane for outpatient pediatric anesthesia. Anesthesiology 61: A 427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fitzal S, Semroth M, Germann P et al (1985) Verwendung von Isofluran in der paediatrischen Anaesthesie. 14: 20Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fitzal S, Germann P, Gilly H et al (1985) Aufnahme und Elimination von Isofluran und Halothan bei Kindern und Erwachsenen. Anaesthesist 34: 571PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Forrest JB (1982) Pulse and blood pressure with isoflurane. Can Anaesth Soc J 29: 15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Friedman WF (1972) The intrinsic physiologic properties of the developing heard. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 15: 87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Friesen RM, Lichtor JL (1982) Cardiovascular depression during halothane in infants. A study of three induction techniques. Anesth Analg 61: 42PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Friesen RH, Lichtor JL (1983) Cardiovascular effects of inhalation induction with isoflurane in infants. Anesth Analg 62: 411PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Govaerts MJM, Sanders M (1975) Induction and recovery with enflurane and halothane in paediatric anesthesia. Br J Anaesth 47: 877PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Govaerts MJM, Hain WR, Rouge JC et al (1985) Multicentric study of isoflurane in paediatric practise. Acta Anaesthesiol Belg 36: 240Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hausdörfer J, Hagemann H, Bell M et al (1986) Isofluran in der Kinderanaesthesie. Anaesthesist 35: 345PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hirshman CA, Edelstein G, Peetz S et al (1982) Mechanism of action of inhalational anesthesia on airways. Anesthesiology 56: 107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Holaday DA, Fiserova-Vergerova V. Latto PJ et al (1975) Resistance of isoflurane to biotransformations in man. Anesthesiology 43: 325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Johnston RR, Eger EI II, Wilson C (1976) A comparative interaction of epinephrine with enflurane, isoflurane and halothane in man. Anesth Analg 55: 709PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kamp HD, Pasch T, Schmiedl R (1984) Verhalten atemmechanischer Parameter unter Isofluran-Anaesthesie. In: Peter K (Hrsg) Symposium Isofluran (Experimentelle und klinische Aspekte). Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam; S 87Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lebowitz MH, Blitt CD, Dillon JB (1972) Enfluraneinduced central nervous system excitation and its relation to carbon dioxyde tension. Anesth Analg 51: 355PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lerman J, Robinson S, Willis MM et al (1983) Succinylcholin — induces heard rate changes in children during isoflurane and halothane. Anesthesiology 59: A443Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lerman J, Gregory GA, Willis MM et al (1984) Age and solubility of volatile anesthetics in blood. Anesthesiology 61: 139PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Lewis RB, Blair M (1982) Halothane hepatitis in a young child. Anesthesiology 54: 349Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Neundorfer B, Klose R (1975) Ethrane in der Kinderanaesthesie. Prakt Anaesth 10: 265Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Reinhold P, Vigfusson G, Wendt M (1986) Induction and recovery of isoflurane and halothane anesthesia in infants. In: Lawin P, van Aken H, Puchstein C (eds) Isoflurane. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 289Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Roizen MF, Stevens WC (1978) Multiform ventricular tachycardia due to the interaction of aminophylline and halothane. Anesth Analg 57: 738PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Rouge JC, Gemperle G (1982) Inhalationsanasthesie in der Padiatrie. In: Peter K, Jesch F (Hrsg) Inhalationsanasthesie heute und morgen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 245Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Salanitre E, Rackow H (1969) The pulmonary exchange of nitrous oxide and halothane in infants and children. Anesthesiology 30: 388PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Salem MR, Bennett EJ, Schweiss JF et al (1975) Cardiac arrest related to anesthesia: Contributing factors in infants and children. JAMA 233: 238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sigurdson GH, Carlsson C, Lindahl S et al (1983) Cardiac arrhythmias in non intubated children during adenoidectomy, a comparison between enflurane and halothane. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 27: 75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Skovsted P, Sapthavichaikul S (1977) The effect of isoflurane on arterial pressure, pulse rate, autonomic nervous activity and barostatic reflexes. Can Anaesth Soc J 24: 304PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Stirt J A, Berger JM, Sullivan SF (1983) Lack of arrhythmogenicity of isoflurane following administration of aminophylline in dogs. Anesth Analg 62: 568PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Stoeckel HO, Lauven PM (1982) Exposition gegen Spurenkonzentration flüchtiger Anaesthetika — Gegenwärtige Beurteilung. In: Peter K, Jesch F (Hrsg) Inhalationsanästhesie heute und morgen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 21Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Wade JG, Stevens WC (1981) Isoflurane: An anesthetic for the eighties? Anesth Analg 60: 666PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Wear R, Robinson S, Gregory GA (1979) Effect of halothane on barareceptor response in newborn and adult rabbits. Anesthesiology 51: 325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Wren WS (1984) Isoflurane in paediatrics. In: Symposium on Isoflurane. 8th World Congress of Anaesthesiologists, Manila. (Proceedings). BMI, New York, p 42Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Wren WS, McChane AJ, McCarthy JG et al (1985) Isoflurane in pediatric anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 40: 315PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Eckrich
  • H. H. Hennes

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations