The Use of Color in Visual Displays

  • Charles M. M. de Weert
Conference paper


Technical advances have given as enormous increase in the possiblities to use color for the representation of information, and have increased the risk of expectations of color’s usefulness being too high. Unfortunately the technical progress has not been accompanied by a proportional increase in knowledge about useful employment of color. In other words, color is in many cases applied in a silly, sometimes even very unprofitable way. In particular, the application of pseudocoloring, i.e., the transformation of unidimensional brightness differences into multidimensional color differences, easily leads to problems if the transformation is not well chosen.


Modulation Transfer Function Subjective Contour Luminance Level Color Plate Luminance Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Christ R.E. (1975). Review and analysis of color coding research for visual diplays. Human Factors, 17, pp. 524–570.Google Scholar
  2. Christ R.E. (1984). Research for evaluating visual display codes: An emphasis on color coding. In: Information Design, Easterby & Zwaga (Eds.). John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 209–227.Google Scholar
  3. Cornsweet T.N. (1970). Visual Perception. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Elzinga C.H. (1985). On the measurement of color and brightness. Thesis, Nijmegen.Google Scholar
  5. Elzinga C.H. & De Weert C.M.M. (1978). Hue magnitude estimates as relative judgements. Perception and Psychophysics, 23, pp. 372–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Elzinga C.H. & De Weert C.M.M. (1984). Nonlinear codes for the yellow-blue mechanism. Vision Research, 24, pp. 911–922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Engel F.L. (1971). Visual conspicuity, directed attention and retinal locus. Vision Research, 11, pp. 563–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Julesz B. (1981). Textons, the elements of texture perception, and their interactions. Nature, 290, pp. 91–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Van Esch J.A., Koldenhof E.E., Van Doorn A.J. & Koenderink J.J. (1984). Spectral sensitivity and wavelength discrimination of the human peripheral field. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 74, pp. 443–450.Google Scholar
  10. Gregory R.L. (1977). Vision with isoluminant color contrast: 1) A projection technique and observations. Perception, 6, pp. 113–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lu C. & Fender D.H. (1972). The interaction of color and luminance in stereoscopic vision. Investigative Ophthalmology, 2, pp. 484–489.Google Scholar
  12. Raaijmakers J.G.W. & De Weert C.M.M. (1975). Linear and opponent color coding. Perception and Psychophysics, 18, pp. 474–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Treisman A. (1982). Perceptual grouping and attention in visual search for features and for objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Human Perception and Performance, 8, pp. 194–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Vicario G. (1978). Chromatic changes due to figurai properties. Italian Journal of Psychology, 5, pp. 261–264.Google Scholar
  15. De Weert C.M.M. (1979). Colour contours and stereopsis. Vision Research, 19, pp. 555–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. De Weert C.M.M. (1980). Die Bedeutung von Farbkonturen verglichen mit Bedeutung von Helligkeitskonturen. Farbe und Design, 15/16, pp. 89–93.Google Scholar
  17. De Weert C.M.M. (1983). The role of colors in the formation of subjective brightness contours. Psychological Research, 45, pp. 117–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. De Weert C.M.M. (1984). Veridical perception: A key to the choice of colors and brightnesses in multicolour displays? In: Monochrome vs color in electronic displays. P. Gibson (Ed.). 18, pp. 1–8. RAE. Farnborough.Google Scholar
  19. De Weert C.M.M. (1985). Information in Color. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Color Association. Vol. 12. pp. 1–7. Centre Francais de la Couleur, Parijs.Google Scholar
  20. De Weert C.M.M. & Sadza K.J. (1983). New data concerning the role of colors in stereopsis. In: Colour vision. J. Mollon & T. Sharpe (Eds.). Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, pp. 553–562.Google Scholar
  21. Walraven J. (1985). Perceptual problems in display imagery. Proceedings of the Society for Information Display. 16, pp. 192–195.Google Scholar
  22. Wolfe J.M. & Owens D.A. (1981). Is accommodation color blind? Focusing chromatic contours. Perception, 10, pp. 53–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles M. M. de Weert

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations