Theory of Surface Melting and Non-Melting

  • E. Tosatti
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 11)

Abstract

The idea that crystal melting might be a surface-initiated process when the liquid wets its own solid is very old [1,2]. A massive amount of macroscopic and semimacroscopic evidence for the appearance, just below the triple point temperature T M of a quasi-liquid film at the solid-gas interface, particularly of molecular crystals, has been collected by the chemical physicists [3]. More recently, with the advent of powerful surface physics tools, the study of this problem has begun at the microscopic level. Several crystal surfaces which melt -i.e., where a growing quasi-liquid layer forms very near but below T M - have been identified [4]-[7]. Other surfaces have also been found, which exhibit what might be called “non-melting”, Le. no quasi-liquid layer appears at all [8], or if it appears, it does not grow as TM is approached [9].

Keywords

Entropy Clarification Rystal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    I. N. Stranski: Z. Phys. 119, 22 (1942)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Ubbelohde: The Molten State of the Matter Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1965Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Nenow: In Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization (Pergamon, Oxford, 1984), Vol. 9, p.185Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. W. M. Frenken, J. F. van der Veen: Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 134 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. W. M. Frenken, P. M. Maree, J. F. van der Veen: Phys. Rev. B 34,7506 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Da-Ming Zhu, J. G. Dash: Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2959 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Krim, J. P. Coulomb, J. Bouzidi: Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 583 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Bienfait: this ConferenceGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. Pluis, A. W. D. v Gon, J. W. M. Frenken, J. F. van der Veen: to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. G. McRae, R. A. Malic: Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1437 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. D. Weeks: In Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Condensed Matter Systems ed. T. Riste, (Plenum Press, 1980) and references thereinGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. C. Levi, E. Tosatti: Surf. Sci. 178, 425 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Trayanov, D. Nenow: J. Cryst. Growth 74, 375 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. W. Cahn: J. Chern. Phys. 66, 3667 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 16.
    R. Lipowski, W. Speth: Phys. Rev. B 28,3983 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 17.
    A. C. Levi and E. Tosatti: to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  17. 18.
    J. W. Cahn, J. E. Hilliard: J. Chern. Phys. 28 258 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 19.
    J. Q. Broughton, J. W. Woodcock: J. Phys. C 11,2743 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 20.
    J. Q. Broughton, G. H. Gilmer: J. Chern. Phys. 79, 5095, 5105, 5119 (1983), Acta Metall. 31, 845 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 21.
    V. Rosato, G. Ciccotti, V. Pontikis: Phys. Rev. B 33, 1860 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 22.
    P. Carnevali, F. Ercolessi, E. Tosatti: to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  22. 23.
    F. Ercolessi, E. Tosatti, M. Parrinello: Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 719 (1986); ibid. Surf. Sci. 177 314 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 24.
    A. Bartolini, F. Ercolessi, E. Tosatti: this ConferenceGoogle Scholar
  24. 25.
    A. Trayanov, E. Tosatti: to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  25. 26.
    A. Trayanov, E. Tosatti: this ConferenceGoogle Scholar
  26. 27.
    L. Pietronero, E. Tosatti: Solid State Commun. 32,255 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 28.
    C. S. Jayanthi, E. Tosatti, J. Pietronero: Phys. Rev. B 31, 3456 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 29.
    H. v. Beijeren: Phys. Rev. Lett. 38,993 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Tosatti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.International School for Advanced StudiesTriesteItaly
  2. 2.International Centre for Theoretical PhysicsTriesteItaly

Personalised recommendations