Infections of the Respiratory Tract

  • Sabine Enenkel
  • Wolfgang Stille


Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of death in developing countries. Figures published by UNICEF indicate that 97% of deaths of children less than 1 year old, and 98% of deaths of children aged 1–5 years occur in third world countries, where 75% of the world’s population live. More than 15 million children under the age of 5 years die each year, the vast majority of them in developing countries [29]. According to a recent estimate, ARI-related mortality accounts for 4 million deaths per year among children under the age of 5 years, i.e., 27% of all deaths in that age-group [80].


Rheumatic Fever Acute Respiratory Infection Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Whooping Cough Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Enenkel
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Stille
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity Hospital, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt/Main 70Germany
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity Hospital Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt/Main 70Germany

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