Muramyl Dipeptides

  • M. Parant
  • L. Chedid
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 85)


Synthetic muramyl dipeptide or MDP (AcMur-l-Ala-d-iGln) is able to replace killed mycobacteria in complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) for the induction of both humoral and cellular immunity (Ellouz et al. 1974). The structural requirements for the adjuvant activity were investigated by comparing a large series of analogs, and found to be rather narrow. Initially, the adjuvant effect of MDP was demonstrated in a water-in-oil emulsion. However, its clinical use became a reasonable goal when it was shown to possess immunoadjuvant properties, even when administered in saline (Chedid et al. 1976; Audibert et al. 1976), and when synthetic analogs lacking untoward effects were prepared (Chedid et al. 1982; Allison et al. 1986). Some of the steps in the research into the biologic adjuvant effects of MDPs have been reported in reviews articles (Adam 1985; Audibert et al. 1985; Takada and Kotani 1985).


Thymidine Pertussis Beryllium Dipeptide Mycobacterium 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Parant
  • L. Chedid

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