Colonization of the Vascular System of Plants by Fungal Wilt Pathogens: A Basis for Modeling the Interactions between Host and Parasite in Time and Space

  • C. H. Beckman
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 28)

Abstract

When we undertake the study of phenomena as dynamically complex as wilt diseases, we are faced with the problem not only of obtaining the information we seek, but also of organizing many bits of information to show significant relationships. This is true because to understand the dynamics of a phenomenon we must use reductive methods to dissect the processes into finer, more detailed, measurable bits, whereas to understand the complexity we must somehow integrate the resulting information to show the relationships within the whole sweep of events. A system of realistic inter-connected models is required. It is my purpose, first, to propose that we all join together in an ongoing process of modeling wilt diseases of plants, and, second, to propose a basis for modeling that has evolved and that places known events within a framework of interconnected time and space frames. The overall framework is derived from our understanding of the disease cycle involving a soil-borne, fungal, vascular parasite and its host.

Keywords

Cellulose Phenol Germinate Pseudomonas Methionine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Apelbaum A and Burg SP (1972) Effect of ethylene on cell division and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in Pisum sativum. Plant Physiol 50:117–124PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beckman CH (1966) Cell irritability and localization of vascular infections of plants. Phytopathology 56:821–824Google Scholar
  3. Beckman CH (1969) The mechanics of gel formation by swelling of simulated plant cell wall membranes and perforation plates of banana root vessels. Phytopathology 59:837–843Google Scholar
  4. Beckman CH (1987) The Nature of Wilt Diseases of Plants. APS Press, St. PaulGoogle Scholar
  5. Beckman CH, Elgersma DM and MacHardy WE (1972) The localization of Fusarial infections in the vascular tissue of single dominant-gene resistant tomato. Phytopathology 62:1256–1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beckman CH, Halmos S and Mace ME (1962) The interaction of host, pathogen, and soil temperature in relation to susceptibility to Fusarium wilt of banana. Phytopathology 52:134–140Google Scholar
  7. Cooper RM and Wood RKS (1980) Cell wall degrading enzymes of vascular wilt fungi. III. Possible involvement of endo-pectin lyase in Verticillium wilt of tomato. Physiol Plant Pathol 16:285–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Harrison NA (1981) Propagule build-up and distribution of Verticillium dahliae and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum in wilt-resistant and-susceptible cotton (Gossypium) cultivars. M.S. Thesis, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI U.S.A.Google Scholar
  9. Harrison NA (1987) Growth inhibitors associated with Fusarium wilt of tomato. Physiol Mole Plant Pathol 30:401–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harrison NA and Beckman CH (1981) Time/space relationships of colonization and host response in wilt-resistant and wilt-susceptible cotton (Gossypium) cultivars inoculated with Verticillium dahliae and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum. Physiol Plant Pathol 21:15–35Google Scholar
  11. Heslop-Harrison J (1966) Cytoplasmic continuities during spore formation in flowering plants. Endeavour 25:65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Howell CR (1976) Use of enzyme-deficient mutants of Verticillium dahliae to assess the importance of pectolytic enzymes in symptom expression of Verticillium wilt of cotton. Physiol Plant Pathol 9:279–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kleinke-Borchers A (1982) Auswirkung der Interaktion zwischen Meloidogyne incognita und Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici auf den Phytohormonhaushalt in Tomatenpflanzen. Z Pflanzenkr Pflanzenschutz 89:132–143Google Scholar
  14. Mace ME (1963) Histochemical localization of phenols in healthy and diseased banana roots. Physiologia Plantarum 16:915–925CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mace ME and Solit E (1966) Interactions of 3-indoleacetic acid and 3-hydroxytyramine in Fusarium wilt of banana. Phytopathology 56:245–247Google Scholar
  16. Matta A (1970) Mechanism of indoleacetic acid accumulation in Fusarium wilt of tomato. Ann Acad Sci Fenn, Ser. A4 168:58–60Google Scholar
  17. McDonnell K (1958) Absence of pectolytic enzymes in a pathogenic strain of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. Nature (London) 182:1025–1026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mussell H, Stiwell P and Peck S (1982) The possible origin of ethylene in Verticillium wilt of tomato. Phytopathology 72:968 AbstractGoogle Scholar
  19. Puhalla JE (1981) Genetic considerations in the genus Fusarium. Pages 291–305 in: Fusarium: Diseases, Biology and Taxonomy. Nelson PE, Tousoun TA and Cook RJ (eds). Pennsylvania State University Press, University ParkGoogle Scholar
  20. Robb J, Powell DA and Street PFS (1987) Time course of wall-coating secretion in Verticillium-infected tomatoes. Physiol Mole Plant Pathol 31:217–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sequeira L (1965) Origin of indoleacetic acid in tobacco plants infected by Pseudomonas solanacearum. Phytopathology 55:1232–1236Google Scholar
  22. Street PFS, Robb J and Ellis BE (1986) Secretion of vascular coating components by xylem parenchyma cells of tomatoes infected with Verticillium albo-atrum. Protoplasma 132:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Talboys PW (1957) The possible significance of toxic metabolites of Verticillium albo-atrum in the development of hop wilt symptoms. Trans Brit Mycol Soc 40:415–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tjamos EC and Smith IM (1974) The role of phytoalexins in the resistance of tomato to Verticillium wilt. Physiol Plant Pathol 4:249–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vander Molen GE, Labavitch JM, Strand LL and DeVay JE (1983) Pathogen-induced vascular gels: Ethylene as a host intermediate. Physiol Plant 59:573–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. H. Beckman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA

Personalised recommendations