Absolute Determination of Quantum Yields of Photosensitization by Time Resolved Thermal Lensing

  • R. W. Redmond
  • S. E. Braslavsky
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 15)


Time-resolved thermal lensing (TRTL) can be used to study the time profile of heat release after absorption of radiation. The part of the energy released as heat through radiationless processes produces local changes in temperature, and hence density and refractive index, in the solution such that along the beam axis the medium acts as a lens (in general divergent since in most media the variation of the refractive index with temperature is negative). The time dependence of the formation of the so-called thermal lens is governed by the relative rates of radiationless processes occurring in the system and is probed by an overlapping CW laser beam, of wavelength not absorbed by the sample. After passing through a pinhole, the probe beam impinges on a photodiode which detects the reduction of the probe beam as a consequence of the formation of the lens. The time resolution of the thermal lens effect is determined by the acoustic transit time in the system, τa, the time taken for the accompanying acoustic or shock wave to traverse the radius of the laser beam (τa = R/va, where R = radius of beam and va = velocity of sound in the solution). For focussed beams τa ≃ 100 ns. Thus, all heat deposited in solution in a time shorter than τa constitutes the ‘prompt’ heat component whereas any energy storing species living longer than τa will be responsible for the delayed heat component of a the TRTL signal.


Quantum Yield Probe Beam Thermal Lens Slow Decay Time Resolve 
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  1. 1.
    Rossbroich GR, Garcia NA, Braslavsky SE (1985) Thermal-lensing measurements of singlet molecular oxygen: Quantum yields of formation and lifetimes. J Photochem 31: 37–48Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Redmond RW, Heihoff K, Braslavsky SE, Truscott TG (1987) Thermal-lensing and phosphorescence studies of the quantum yield and lifetime of singlet molecular oxygen sensitized by hematoporphyrin and related porphyrins in deuterated and non-deuterated ethanols. Photochem. Photobiol 45: 209–213Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Redmond RW, Braslavsky SE (1987) at 5th International Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena’, Heidelberg, F.R.G. 27–30 July 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Redmond
    • 1
  • S. E. Braslavsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für StrahlenchemieMülheim a. d. Ruhr 1Germany

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