Secondary Plant Substances Aspects of Steroid Biosynthesis

  • Horst-Robert Schütte
Conference paper
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 49)

Abstract

Most prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells contain steroids. This type of structure is not only found in sterols but also in corresponding sapogenins, cardiac glycosides and alkaloids. The sterols are preferably concentrated in the plasma membrane (GRUNWALD 1975; HARTMANN-BOUILLON and BENVENISTE 1978; NES and HEFTMANN 1981; HARTMANN et al. 1985) but are also present in lower amounts in other membrane systems. In fungi, the major sterol is ergosterol. In higher plants, sitosterol (X) and stigmasterol (IX) is often constitute more than 80% of the total sterols. The biological meaning of the bulky ethyl group at C-24 is still unknown but could be related to some specific characters of higher plant membranes, such as their high content in phospholipids with highly unsaturated fatty acids (MAZLIAK 1981).

Keywords

Alkaloid Glycoside Ergosterol Squalene Isomerase 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Horst-Robert Schütte
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biochemie der Pflanzen des Forschungsbereiches Biowissenschaften und Medizin derAkademie der Wissenschaften der DDRHalle (Saale)Germany

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