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Mineral Nutrition: Anions

  • Ulrich Lüttge
  • David T. Clarkson
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 49)

Abstract

The discovery of the convertibility between the energy of electrochemical proton gradients built up by charge separation at membranes and phosphate-ester-bond energy in ATP (Mitchell hypothesis) has led to a new orthodoxy in transport physiology. In principle all energy-dependent ion fluxes can be explained by secondary coupling to a proton electro-chemical gradient, \( {\rm{\Delta}}{{\rm{\bar\mu }}_{{{\rm{H}}^{\rm{ + }}}}}\), with
$$\Delta {\bar \mu _{{{\rm{H}}^{\rm{ + }}}}}{\rm{ = RT ln }}\frac{{{\rm{1}}{{\rm{0}}^{{\rm{- p}}{{\rm{H}}_{\rm{i}}}}}}}{{{\rm{1}}{{\rm{0}}^{{\rm{-p}}{{\rm{H}}_{\rm{o}}}}}}}{\rm{ + F }}\Delta {\rm{E}}$$
(1)
or a proton-motive force, pmf, with
$$pmf{\rm{ = 2}}{\rm{.3 }}\frac{{{\rm{RT}}}}{{\rm{F}}}{\rm{ }}\Delta {\rm{pH + }}\Delta {\rm{E}}$$
(2)
where R is the universal gas constant, T the absolute temperature, △E the transmembrane electrical potential and F the Faraday constant; i and o mark inside and outside compartments respectively, △pH is the pH difference between the compartments.

Keywords

Mineral Nutrition Maize Root Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Anion Transport Phosphate Uptake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Lüttge
    • 1
  • David T. Clarkson
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Botanik derTechnischen Hochschule DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Long Ashton Research StationGB-BristolEngland

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