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The History of Flora and Vegetation During the Quaternary

  • Burkhard Frenzel
Conference paper
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 49)

Abstract

The CLIMAP research group was the first to reconstruct past climates quantitatively by means of transfer functions from present-day distribution patterns of faunal communities, as far as these are primarily controlled by climate. This has also stimulated paleobotanical research. The basic concept is that the huge botanical formations, like tundra, the boreal forest, the nemoral forests or even smaller plant communities, are controlled by climate only in so far as a direct dependence of vegetation on climate exists. It is implicitly suggested that plant or animal communities may have changed their geographical ranges during the past, but not their composition. On the other hand, it is well known that migrations of plant and animal taxa during the Holocene have not terminated even up till now. The first prerequisite is thus not fulfilled, because evidently not all distribution areas are governed by climate only, but by a wealth of historical factors as well. Moreover, it becomes increasingly clear that the present-day plant and animal communities did not migrate as such during the Quaternary, without having undergone strong changes in composition. So it is in general not permissible to give fossil plant communities modern names, since these very often (and animal communities as well) have had no modern equivalents.

Keywords

Past Climate Interglacial Period Vegetation History Juglans Regia Pollen Influx 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burkhard Frenzel
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches Institut derUniversität HohenheimStuttgart 70Germany

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