Entrapment Syndrome by the Tendinous Arch of the Soleus Muscle (“Soleus Syndrome”)

  • O. Thetter


Popliteal artery entrapment is mostly found in young healthy males who begin to present increasingly severe symptoms of claudication in the lower leg [4]. Often, these symptoms occur following overexertion or long periods of physical activity. In the last few years, this syndrome has often been diagnosed in joggers and part-time sports participants [6]. These symptoms are believed to be caused by compression of the popliteal artery, which is in turn due to an anomalous anatomic relation between the artery and the muscles in the popliteal fossa [2, 3, 5]. In the vast majority of cases, the course of the popliteal artery is displaced by an anomaly at the origin of the medial head of the gastrocnemius [1]. The deviation of the vessel causes kinking and, especially, a constant mechanical alteration of the arterial wall, which is increased by sports activity.


Soleus Muscle Tibial Nerve Popliteal Artery Neurovascular Bundle Compression Mechanism 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

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  • O. Thetter

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