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Clincial Experience on Mix HeNe and I R Low Energy Laser — A Review of 404 Cases

  • Peter Hasan
  • Agus Rijadi
  • Santoso Purnomo
  • Hendrik Kainama
Conference paper

Abstract

Since 1971 Mester(31) had reported that he observed biostimulative effect of low energy laser beam. Thereafter, plenty of studies had been performed which included experimental studies on animals(7,14,16-,20,21,22,23,25,26,28,35,39,40,42,43), experimental invitro and invivo studies on human cells culture(l,24,25) and clinical studies(2,5,6,8,-9,11,13,15,17,19,2 7,29,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,41,44,45,4 7,48,49). All these studies comfirmed that the low energy laser had a nonthermal effect so called BIOSTIMULATION. Though studies on intracellular changes with electron microscope as well as studies on biochemical reaction and cellular enzymatic activity showed significant changes after low energy laser beam irradiation, the mechanism of this biostimulative effects remain unclear.

Keywords

Laser Surgery HeNe Laser Human Cell Culture Flap Survival Laser Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Hasan
    • 1
  • Agus Rijadi
    • 1
  • Santoso Purnomo
    • 1
  • Hendrik Kainama
    • 1
  1. 1.Husada Hospital, Faculty of MedicineUniv. Kristen DjayaJakartaIndonesia

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