Photochemical Primary Process of Octopus Rhodopsin

  • H. Ohtani
  • T. Kobayashi
  • M. Tsuda
  • T. G. Ebrey
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 20)


A visual pigment rhodopsin is a chromoprotein with an 11-cis retinal. Rhodopsin is photodecomposed to an all-trans retinal and an apoprotein opsin. The primary event is the photoisomerization of retinal from 11-cis to all-trans conformation [1] followed by sequential thermal reactions [2]. Intermediates have been found by low-temperature spectroscopy except the first intermediate [3,4] primerhodopsin (Batho [5] or photorhodopsin [6]), which has a bathorhodopsin-like red-shifted absorption spectrum. There are three intermediates, bathorhodopsin, hypsorhodopsin, and primerhodopsin, in the picosecond region. The sequence among them at physiological temperature has not yet been established.


Absorption Cross Section Bovine Rhodopsin Difference Absorption Spectrum Lower Excited Singlet State Lauryl Ester 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. Hubbard, A. Kropf: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sei. USA., 44, 130 (1958); T. Yoshizawa, G. Wald: Nature, 197. 1279 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Yoshizawa:in Handbook of Sensory Physiology VII/1 (H.J.A. Dartnall ed.) pp. 146–179, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Peters, M.L. Applebury, P.M. Rentzepis: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 74, 3119 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Kobayashi: FEBS Lett., 106, 313 (1980); Photochem. Photobiol., 32, 207 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Honig, T. Ebrey, R.H. Callender, U. Dinur, M. Ottolenghi: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 76, 2503 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Shichida, S. Matuoka, T. Yoshizawa: Photobiochem. Photobiophys., 7, 221 (1984).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.E. Busch, M.L. Applebury, A.A. Lamola, P.M. Rentzepis: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 69, 2802 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Shichida, T. Yoshizawa, T. Kobayashi, H. Ohtani, S. Nagakura: FEBS Lett., 80, 214 (1977); Y. Shichida, T. Kobayashi, T. Yoshizawa, H. Ohtani, S. Nagakura: Photochem. Photobiol.,. 24, 335 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Matuoka, Y. Shichida, T. Yoshizawa: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 765, 38 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Tsuda, F. Tokunaga, T. G. Ebrey, K.T. Yue, J. Marque, L. Eisenstein: Nature,287, 461 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Tsuda: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 545, 537 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Nashima, M. Mitsudo, Y. Kitô: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 536, 78 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Iwai, M. Ikeuchi, Y. Inoue, T. Kobayashi. In Protochlorophyllide Reduction and Greening (C. Sironval, M. Brouers eds.) pp 99–112, Martinus Nijhoff/Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Hague (1984).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.G. Doukas., M.R. Junnarkar, R.R. Alfano, R.H. Callender, T. Kakitani, B. Honig: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 81, 4790 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Tsuda, B. Mao, T.G. Ebrey, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A.J. Pande, R.H. Callender, T.G. Ebrey, M. Tsuda: Biophys. J., 45, 573 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Ohtani, T. Kobayashi, M. Tsuda, T.G. Ebrey: Biophys. J., (1986), submitted for publication.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Ohtani
    • 1
  • T. Kobayashi
    • 1
  • M. Tsuda
    • 2
  • T. G. Ebrey
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of TokyoBunkyo, Tokyo 113Japan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSapporo Medical CollegeSapporo 060Japan
  3. 3.Department of Physiology and BiophysicsUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations