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Potato pp 256-267 | Cite as

In Vitro Induction of Cold Acclimation in Potato

  • T. H. H. Chen
  • P. H. Li
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 3)

Abstract

Potatoes are cultivated primarily in the temperate zone of North America and Europe, and in the Andean highlands of South America. Unseasonal frosts are considered to be one of the major factors limiting potato production. In the temperate zone, a frost may occur during the early stages of spring growth, or during the fall when the potato plants are terminating growth but are still photosynthesizing (Mendoza and Estrada 1979). In the tropical highlands, a frost may occur any time during the growing season. Depending on the intensity of the frost, the entire potato plants may be killed or the foliage damaged resulting in reduced yield and delayed maturity (Li and Palta 1978). An increase in potato frost hardiness would benefit the world potato production in three ways: (1) An increase in frost tolerance of 2° to 3 °C would ensure in most cases a successful crop, this is especially significant for potato production in the Andean highlands. (2) The development of frost-tolerant clones would greatly expand potato crop production to areas which are currently marginal due to frosts. (3) In the temperate zones, production could be increased by extending the growing season. Potato plants would develop better root systems and have a longer period of photosynthesis if the growing season was extended.

Keywords

Cold Acclimation Cold Hardiness Freezing Stress Frost Hardiness Andean Highland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ABA

abscisic acid

D/N

day/night

GA

gibberellic acid

LT

low temperature

PP

photoperiod

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. H. Chen
    • 1
  • P. H. Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology InstituteNational Research Council of CanadaSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.Laboratory of Plant Hardiness, Department of Horticultural Science and Landscape ArchitectureUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

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